Mixing and boundary interactions of 30° and 45° inclined dense jets

Shao, Dongdong; Law, Adrian
October 2010
Environmental Fluid Mechanics;Oct2010, Vol. 10 Issue 5, p521
Academic Journal
60° inclined dense jets had been recommended for brine discharges from desalination plants to achieve a maximum mixing efficiency. However, the terminal rise associated with 60° is relatively high and thus the angle may be too large for disposal in shallow coastal wasters. In this study, we investigate the mixing behavior of dense jets discharging at smaller angles of 30° and 45° in a stationary ambient. Combined Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence (PLIF) were used as the measurement approaches that captured the velocity and concentration fields, respectively. Based on the experimental results, the characteristic geometrical features of the inclined dense jets, including the location of the centerline peak and the return point where the dense jet returns to the source level, etc., are quantified. The mixing and diluting behaviors are also revealed through the analysis of the axial and cross-sectional velocity and concentration profiles. In addition to the free inclined discharges, the present study also examines the effect of the proximity to the bed. Through the comparison of the results between two experimental series with distinct z/ D but overlapping z/ L, the latter is identified as the deciding factor for the boundary influence.


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