TITLE

Time trends in cardiovascular disease mortality in Russia and Germany from 1980 to 2007 - are there migration effects?

AUTHOR(S)
Deckert, Andreas; Winkler, Volker; Paltiel, Ari; Razum, Oliver; Becher, Heiko
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10, p488
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the industrialized world. Large variations in CVD mortality between countries and also between population subgroups within countries have been observed. Previous studies showed significantly lower risks in German repatriates and Jews emigrating from Russia than in the general Russian population. We examined to what degree the migration of large subgroups influenced national CVD mortality rates. Methods: We used WHO data to map the CVD mortality distribution in Europe in 2005. Supplemented by data of the Statistisches Bundesamt, the mortality trends in three major CVD groups between 1980 and 2007 in Russia and Germany are displayed, as well as demographic information. The effects of migration on demography were estimated and percentage changes in CVD mortality trends were calculated under the assumption that migration had not occurred. Results: Cardiovascular disease mortality patterns within Europe showed a strong west-east gradient with ratios up to sixfold. In Germany, the CVD mortality levels were low and steadily decreasing, whereas in Russia they fluctuated at high levels with substantial differences between the sexes and strong correlations with political changes and health campaigns. The trends in both Russia and Germany were affected by the migration that occurred in both countries over recent decades. However, our restricted focus in only adjusting for the migration of German repatriates and Jews had moderate effects on the national CVD mortality statistics in Germany (+1.0%) and Russia (-0.6%). Conclusions: The effects on CVD mortality rates due to migration in Germany and Russia were smaller than those due to secular economical changes. However, migration should still be considered as a factor influencing national mortality trends.
ACCESSION #
53414458

 

Related Articles

  • High levels of serum lactate dehydrogenase correlate with the severity and mortality of idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. EN-CI HU; JIAN-GUO HE; ZHI-HONG LIU; XIN-HAI NI; YA-GUO ZHENG; QING GU; ZHI-HUI ZHAO; CHANG-MING XIONG // Experimental & Therapeutic Medicine;2015, Vol. 9 Issue 6, p2109 

    Liver dysfunction reflects the status of heart failure, and previous studies have demonstrated that serum lactate dehydrogenase (S-LDH) levels are increased in patients exhibiting heart failure and liver dysfunction. Right heart failure is a main characteristic of idiopathic pulmonary arterial...

  • Trends in Death Rates Among U.S. Adults With and Without Diabetes Between 1997 and 2006. Gregg, Edward W.; Cheng, Yiling J.; Saydah, Sharon; Cowie, Catherine; Garfield, Sanford; Geiss, Linda; Barker, Lawrence // Diabetes Care;Jun2012, Vol. 35 Issue 6, p1252 

    OBJECTIVE - To determine whether all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) death rates declined between 1997 and 2006, a period of continued advances in treatment approaches and risk factor control, among U.S. adults with and without diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - We compared 3-year...

  • NICE signals significant changes in BP guidance.  // Pulse;11/5/2005, Vol. 65 Issue 43, p4 

    Reports on the study which found that the ASCOT trial is likely to have a significant impact on new NICE and British Hypertension Society guidelines for hypertension in Great Britain. Confirmation of the need for a wider evaluation of hypertension guidance; Improvement of the first-line therapy;...

  • Genetics and cardiovascular risk. Day, Ian N M; Wilson, David I // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);12/15/2001, Vol. 323 Issue 7326, p1409 

    Presents a review that describes genes that are known to have an important impact on the development of cardiovascular disease and discusses how their identification may improve risk management. Variations of genes and how they affect blood cholesterol concentrations; Way that genetics and...

  • making sense of the new blood pressure guidelines. Martin, Adam // Health (Time Inc. Health);Sep2003, Vol. 17 Issue 7, p65 

    Looks at the changes made to the federal guidelines on prehypertensive people in the U.S. People who are considered prehypertensive; Reason for the changes in the guidelines; Advice for prehypertensive people.

  • A nationwide population screening program for diabetes in Brazil. Nucci, Luciana B.; Toscano, Cristiana M.; Maia, Ana Lourdes M.; Fonseca, Cláudio D.; Britto, Maria Moema B.; Duncan, Bruce B.; Schmidt, Maria Inês // Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica;Nov2004, Vol. 16 Issue 5, p320 

    Objectives. In 2001, persons throughout Brazil who were 40 years old or older were invited to participate in community screening for diabetes as part of the Brazilian Ministry of Health's Plan for the Reorganization of Care for Arterial Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus. This report describes...

  • Journal watch.  // Pulse;11/1/2004, Vol. 64 Issue 43, p14 

    Presents several abstracts of the "Journal of Human Hypertension 2004." Control of hypertension in high risk patients; Connection of traffic exposure and heart attacks; Understanding of diabetes information by diabetics.

  • Enoxaparin sodium.  // Reactions Weekly;12/1/2007, Issue 1180, p14 

    The article describes the case of a 55-year-old patient who developed skin and mucosal ulcers that were associated with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and thrombosis syndrome. The patient, who had a history of grade IV peripheral arterial occlusive disorders, had received perioperative...

  • Rapid Reduction of Severe Asymptomatic Hypertension: A Prospective, Controlled Trial.  // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;2/23/90, Vol. 263 Issue 8, p1078 

    Discusses the abstract of a research study concerning the rapid reduction of severe asymptomatic hypertension, conducted by Kathleen R. Zeller and colleagues.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics