Cognitive testing of physical activity and acculturation questions in recent and long-term Latino immigrants

Berrigan, David; Forsyth, Barbara H.; Helba, Cynthia; Levin, Kerry; Norberg, Alicia; Willis, Gordon B.
January 2010
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10, p481
Academic Journal
Background: We ascertained the degree to which language (English versus Spanish), and residence time in the US influence responses to survey questions concerning two topics: self-reported acculturation status, and recent physical activity (PA). This topic is likely to be of general interest because of growing numbers of immigrants in countries worldwide. Methods: We carried out qualitative (cognitive) interviews of survey items on acculturation and physical activity on 27 Latino subjects from three groups: (a) In Spanish, of those of low residence time (less than five years living in the U.S.) (n = 9); (b) In Spanish, of those of high residence time (15 or more years in the U.S) (n = 9); and (c) in English, of those of high residence time (n = 9). Results: There were very few language translation problems; general question design defects and socio-cultural challenges to survey responses were more common. Problems were found for both acculturation and PA questions, with distinct problem types for the two question areas. Residence time/language group was weakly associated with overall frequency of problems observed: low residence time/Spanish (86%), high residence time/ Spanish (67%), and English speaking groups (62%). Conclusions: Standardized survey questions related to acculturation and physical activity present somewhat different cognitive challenges. For PA related questions, problems with such questions were similar regardless of subject residence time or language preference. For acculturation related questions, residence time/language or education level influenced responses to such questions. These observations should help in the interpretation of survey results for culturally diverse populations.


Related Articles

  • Stuck on the Way to Europe? Iranian Transit Migration to Turkey. ZIJLSTRA, JUDITH // Insight Turkey;Fall2014, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p183 

    This article discusses Turkey's increasing role as a country of immigration by using the case study of Iranian migration to Turkey. While Turkey predominantly functions as a transit country for Iranians on their way to the West, this article will focus on a small group of Iranian migrants who...

  • Towards an Understanding of Media Usage and Acculturation. Hadj Hmida, Manel; Ozcaglar-Toulouse, Nil; Fosse-Gomez, Marie-Helene // Advances in Consumer Research;2009, Vol. 36, p524 

    This investigation focuses on the role of the media in the acculturation processes of Maghrebins in France. It seeks to assess the extent to which the media are an agent for acculturation in this specific immigrant population. We carried out thirteen in-depth interviews with a varied sample...

  • Storytelling in the Future: Israelis, Immigrants and the Imagining of Community. Golden, Deborah // Anthropological Quarterly;Winter2001, Vol. 75 Issue 1, p7 

    This article addresses the links between national identity, temporal order, and I the re-socialization of migrants. Anchored in an ethnographic account of encounters between Israeli Jews and recent migrants to Israel from the former Soviet Union, it looks at ways in which temporal re-ordering...

  • Expanding acculturation theory: Are acculturation models and the adaptiveness of acculturation strategies generalizable in a colonial context? Cheung-Blunden, Violet L.; Juang, Linda P. // International Journal of Behavioral Development;Jan2008, Vol. 32 Issue 1, p21 

    Most acculturation research has been conducted in immigrant settings. The present study examined the generalizability of acculturation models and the adaptiveness of acculturation strategies in another bicultural environment — a colonial setting. The sample included 138 girls (M = 13.8...

  • Are Australian immigrants at a risk of being physically inactive? Dassanayake, Jayantha; Dharmage, Shyamali C.; Gurrin, Lyle; Sundararajan, Vijaya; Payne, Warren R. // International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activit;2011, Vol. 8, p53 

    Background: We examined whether physical activity risk differed between migrant sub-groups and the Australianborn population. Methods: Data were drawn from the Australian National Health Survey (2001) and each resident's country of birth was classified into one of 13 regions. Data were gathered...

  • IMMIGRATION, SCHOOL, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND SPORT. ANALYSIS OF SPORT ACCULTURATION IN SPAIN. Garrido, Ángeles Arjona; Olmos, Juan Carlos Checa; García-Arjona, Noemi; Pardo, Rodrigo // Kinesiology;Jun2012, Vol. 44 Issue 1, p83 

    The aim of this paper is to understand the role of physical activity and sport in the process of acculturation of immigrant students in secondary schools enrolled in formal education in the province of Almeria (Spain). For this purpose, we have created the Physical Activity and Sport...


    The customary law of Sardinia's traditional communities offers a panorama of considerable interest in the area of the anthropological and legal research of systems of conflict solving. After a brief description of the fieldwork conducted (in the central Sardinian area of Barbagia) in relation to...

  • Finding Community in Studies of Host Community Acculturation. Silka, Linda // American Journal of Community Psychology;Dec2008, Vol. 42 Issue 3/4, p365 

    The article introduces the subject of acculturation in host communities, including papers on immigrants in Spain and Canada and one about the provision of social services for immigrants. The author, a psychologist, examines various factors related to acculturation. The impact of immigration on...

  • Effects of Socioeconomic Status and Acculturation on Accelerometer-Measured Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity Among Mexican American Adolescents: Findings From NHANES 2003-2004. Hyo Lee; Cardinal, Bradley J.; Loprinzi, Paul D. // Journal of Physical Activity & Health;Nov2012, Vol. 9 Issue 8, p1155 

    Background: Socioeconomic status (SES) and acculturation are potential contributors of adolescent physical activity disparity among ethnic groups in the U.S. However, studies relying on self-report physical activity measures have reported inconsistent findings regarding sociocultural predictors...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics