TITLE

Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards pandemic influenza among cases, close contacts, and healthcare workers in tropical Singapore: a cross-sectional survey

AUTHOR(S)
Yap, Jonathan; Lee, Vernon J.; Teng Yan Yau; Tze Pin Ng; Phern-Chern Tor
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p442
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Effective influenza pandemic management requires understanding of the factors influencing behavioral changes. We aim to determine the differences in knowledge, attitudes and practices in various different cohorts and explore the pertinent factors that influenced behavior in tropical Singapore. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional knowledge, attitudes and practices survey in the Singapore military from mid-August to early-October 2009, among 3054 personnel in four exposure groups - laboratory-confirmed H1N1-2009 cases, close contacts of cases, healthcare workers, and general personnel. Results: 1063 (34.8%) participants responded. The mean age was 21.4 (SE 0.2) years old. Close contacts had the highest knowledge score (71.7%, p = 0.004) while cases had the highest practice scores (58.8%, p < 0.001). There was a strong correlation between knowledge and practice scores (r = 0.27, p < 0.01) and knowledge and attitudes scores (r = 0.21, p < 0.01). The significant predictors of higher practice scores were higher knowledge scores (p < 0.001), Malay ethnicity (p < 0.001), exposure group (p < 0.05) and lower education level (p < 0.05). The significant predictors for higher attitudes scores were Malay ethnicity (p = 0.014) and higher knowledge scores (p < 0.001). The significant predictor for higher knowledge score was being a contact (p = 0.007). Conclusion: Knowledge is a significant influence on attitudes and practices in a pandemic, and personal experience influences practice behaviors. Efforts should be targeted at educating the general population to improve practices in the current pandemic, as well as for future epidemics.
ACCESSION #
53412127

 

Related Articles

  • Influenza.  // Weekly Epidemiological Record;11/4/2005, Vol. 80 Issue 44, p400 

    This article focuses on influenza activity in different countries. Localized influenza A activity remained low in Manitoba. During week 43, low influenza activity was detected in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China, Japan, Mexico, Mongolia and the U.S.

  • Influenza.  // Weekly Epidemiological Record;3/31/2006, Vol. 81 Issue 13, p127 

    The article reports on the overall influenza activity during week 11 in some European and Asian countries. In Finland, localized influenza B activity was discovered in army garrisons. In Norway, influenza activity has been deteriorating since week 8 but stayed on widespread. In Belarus,...

  • Revisiting 1957-1958 influenza pandemic may provide clues to combating H1N1. Volansky, Rob // Infectious Diseases in Children;Sep2009, Vol. 22 Issue 9, p51 

    The article reports on the claims of researchers from the Center for Biosecurity at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center in Pennsylvania, that revisiting the H2N2 Asian influenza outbreak in 1957 to 1958 could provide clues to combating H1N1.

  • Influenza.  // Weekly Epidemiological Record;5/27/2005, Vol. 80 Issue 21, p191 

    The article focuses on influenza. Influenza activity worldwide remained similar to that of the previous few weeks, with the exception of China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, where medium-to-high levels of influenza activity continued. Activity was low in most parts of both the...

  • Go figure.  // McKnight's Long-Term Care News;May2010, Vol. 31 Issue 5, p12 

    The article presents statistics related to health including the number of Democrats members on the five-person National Labor Relations Board, the percentage of subjects with mobility problems in nursing care facilities, and the drop of flu cases in Ontario, Canada in 1997.

  • A comparison of the pathogenicity of avian and swine H5N1 influenza viruses in Indonesia. Takano, Ryo; Nidom, Chairul A.; Kiso, Maki; Muramoto, Yukiko; Yamada, Shinya; Shinya, Kyoko; Sakai-Tagawa, Yuko; Kawaoka, Yoshihiro // Archives of Virology;Apr2009, Vol. 154 Issue 4, p677 

    Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 viruses are circulating in many countries. We recently discovered that these viruses have been transmitted to pigs on multiple occasions in Indonesia. To investigate whether avian H5N1 influenza viruses adapted to mammals through their introduction into...

  • ATTACK Of the Flu!  // Weekly Reader News - Edition 3;2/13/2004, Vol. 73 Issue 19, p2 

    Provides information on the spread of the flu or influenza in the U.S. Symptoms; Actions taken to keep the virus from spreading in schools; Prevention of the disease.

  • Strategies for containing an emerging influenza pandemic in Southeast Asia. Ferguson, Neil M.; Cummings, Derek A.T.; Cauchemez, Simon; Fraser, Christophe; Riley, Steven; Meeyai, Aronrag; Iamsirithaworn, Sopon; Burke, Donald S. // Nature;9/8/2005, Vol. 437 Issue 7056, p209 

    Highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza A viruses are now endemic in avian populations in Southeast Asia, and human cases continue to accumulate. Although currently incapable of sustained human-to-human transmission, H5N1 represents a serious pandemic threat owing to the risk of a mutation or...

  • Making the paper: Neil Ferguson.  // Nature;9/8/2005, Vol. 437 Issue 7056, pxi 

    Focuses on what will happen if a flu pandemic arose in Asia according to Neil Ferguson. Research conducted by Ferguson; Model simulating an outbreak.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics