A systematic review of population health interventions and Scheduled Tribes in India

Mohindra, K. S.; Labonté, Ronald
January 2010
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p438
Academic Journal
Background: Despite India's recent economic growth, health and human development indicators of Scheduled Tribes (ST) or Adivasi (India's indigenous populations) lag behind national averages. The aim of this review was to identify the public health interventions or components of these interventions that are effective in reducing morbidity or mortality rates and reducing risks of ill health among ST populations in India, in order to inform policy and to identify important research gaps. Methods: We systematically searched and assessed peer-reviewed literature on evaluations or intervention studies of a population health intervention undertaken with an ST population or in a tribal area, with a population health outcome(s), and involving primary data collection. Results: The evidence compiled in this review revealed three issues that promote effective public health interventions with STs: (1) to develop and implement interventions that are low-cost, give rapid results and can be easily administered, (2): a multi-pronged approach, and (3): involve ST populations in the intervention. Conclusion: While there is a growing body of knowledge on the health needs of STs, there is a paucity of data on how we can address these needs. We provide suggestions on how to undertake future population health intervention research with ST populations and offer priority research avenues that will help to address our knowledge gap in this area.


Related Articles

  • Intersectional inequalities in immunization in India, 1992-93 to 2005-06: a progress assessment. Joe, William // Health Policy & Planning;May2015, Vol. 30 Issue 4, p407 

    Immunization in India is marked with stark disparities across gender, caste, wealth and place of residence with severe shortfalls among those disadvantaged in more than one dimension. In this regard, an explicit recognition of intersectionality and intersectional inequalities has 2-fold...

  • Some Good News.  // Economic & Political Weekly;1/30/2016, Vol. 51 Issue 5, p7 

    The author reflects on data collected on the health and nutrition status of the population in India as of January 2016. The author cites the continuing concerns on malnutrition, low levels of health in poorer states, increasing obesity, and the rising cost of public health care. The author...

  • Aid cut cloud on marriages. TALUKDAR, RAKHEE ROY // Telegraph (Calcutta, India);12/8/2014, p5 

    The article reports that the Rajasthan government, India, has halved the immediate financial aid in an inter-caste marriage scheme that mandates that one of the partners should belong to a scheduled caste.

  • Conquering Cancer With Private Medicine. Tanner, Michael D. // Business Journal (Central New York);3/24/2006, Vol. 20 Issue 12, p36 

    The article comments on the decline in cancer death rates and the status of the national health care system in the U.S. One of the reasons for the declining death rates is the health care system of the country. According to the author, there is no limit imposed on the use of advanced treatment...

  • Development and validation of a functional morbidity index to predict mortality in community-dwelling elders. Carey, Elise C.; Walter, Louise C.; Lindquist, Karla; Covinsky, Kenneth E. // JGIM: Journal of General Internal Medicine;Oct2004, Vol. 19 Issue 10, p1027 

    Objective: Functional measures have a great appeal for prognostic instruments because they are associated with mortality, they represent the end-impact of disease on the patient, and information about them can be obtained directly from the patient. However, there are no prognostic...

  • What Impact Do Contextual Variables Have on the Changing Geography of Mortality in Italy? Caselli, Graziella; Cerbara, Loredana; Heins, Frank; Lipsi, Rosa Maria // European Journal of Population;2003, Vol. 19 Issue 4, p339 

    Using data for 94 provinces, three periods (1971-1973, 1981-1983 and 1991-1993), and for men and women, we present an interesting picture of the geography of adult and elderly mortality by cause of death in Italy. This picture brings into focus the North/South gap that has yet again emerged,...

  • EASING LABOUR PAINS IN PERU'S CHILDBIRTH CULTURE. Fraser, Barbara J. // Contemporary Review;May2002, Vol. 280 Issue 1636, p275 

    Focuses on the childbirth culture in Peru. Information on the physical and psychological violence against women in public health facilities; Record of maternal deaths in the country; Problems facing the public health system.

  • Caracterización de la mortalidad por malaria en el Valle del Cauca, 2005-2006. Fernández, Julián Alfredo; Osorio, Lyda; Murillo, Olga; Escobar, Humberto; Bustamante, Patricia; Agudelo, Henry; Martínez, Luz Patricia; Olaya, Beatriz; Castro, Gloria // Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud;dic2009, Vol. 29 Issue 4, p582 

    Introduction. Valle del Cauca is one of the states in Colombia that reports a high number of deaths due to malaria. Understanding the basis of malarial deaths is useful for assessing the efficacy of the health system and to identify areas where improvements are necessary to decrease malaria...

  • Mortality in North Korea rises by 40% in seven years. Lamar, Joe // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);12/1/2001, Vol. 323 Issue 7324, p1272 

    Reports on a rising mortality rate in North Korea. Famine, floods, and a collapsing healthcare system cited as reasons for the increase; Request for aid from Gro Harlem Brundtland, director general of the World Health Organization; Claims of the government regarding deaths in the country.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics