Maternal anthropometric characteristics in pregnancy and blood pressure among adolescents: 1993 live birth cohort, Pelotas, southern Brazil

Laura, Helen C.; Menezes, Ana B.; Noal, Ricardo B.; Hallal, Pedro C.; Araújo, Cora L.
January 2010
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p434
Academic Journal
Background: We investigated the association between maternal anthropometric measurements in prepregnancy and at the end of pregnancy and their children's systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure at 11 years of age, in a prospective cohort study. Methods: All hospital births which took place in 1993 in the city of Pelotas - Brazil, were identified (5,249 live births). In 2004, the overall proportion of follow-up was 85% and we obtained arterial blood pressure measurements of 4,452 adolescents. Results: Independent variables analyzed included maternal prepregnancy weight and body mass index (BMI) and maternal weight, and height at the end of pregnancy. Multiple linear regression analysis controlling for the following confounders were carried out: adolescent's skin color, family income at birth, smoking, alcohol intake during pregnancy, and gestational arterial hypertension. Mean SBP and DBP were 101.9 mmHg (SD 12.3) and 63.4 mmHg (SD 9.9), respectively. Maternal prepregnancy weight and BMI, and weight at the end of pregnancy were positively associated with both SBP and DBP in adolescent subjects of both sexes; maternal height was positively associated with SBP only among males. Conclusions: Adequate evaluation of maternal anthropometric characteristics during pregnancy may prevent high levels of blood pressure among adolescent children.


Related Articles

  • AMBULATORY BLOOD PRESSURE MONITORING IN ADOLESCENTS. Suurorg, Lagle // Papers on Anthropology;2002, Vol. 11, p289 

    Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is a well-established method for measuring blood pressure in adults and becoming common in children and adolescents. [1]. ABPM is particularly suitable for estimating the 24-hour blood pressure profile in adolescents with casual hypertension. This...

  • Opinion: Journals Watch - Abortion, Alzheimer's and angina. Lewis, Gwen // GP: General Practitioner;2/3/2006, p44 

    The article focuses on various health problems. One of Great Britain government's targets is to reduce teenage pregnancy but at present the NHS is struggling to manage demand for abortion both in teenagers and older women who do not wish to continue with their pregnancy. The older patient should...

  • EMERGENCY REDUCTION, HYPERTENSION IN PREGNANCY, AND HYPERTENSION IN THE ELDERLY. Bannan, Liam T.; Beevers, D.G.; Wright, Noel // British Medical Journal;10/25/1980, Vol. 281 Issue 6248, p1120 

    Focuses on the emergency blood pressure reduction, hypertension in pregnancy and hypertension in the elderly. Intraoperative management of pheochromocytoma nitroprusside and practolol; Incidence of pregnancy-associated hypertension in multiple pregnancy; Comparison between the efficacy of...

  • Prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad nutricional e hipertensión arterial y su relación con indicadores antropométricos en una población de escolares de Granada y su provincia. Jiménez, E. González; Cordero, M. J. Aguilar; García, C. J. García; López, P. A. García; Ferre, J. Álvarez; López, C. A. Padilla // Nutricion Hospitalaria;sep/oct2011, Vol. 26 Issue 5, p1004 

    Introduction: Several authors have found correlations between anthropometric parameters and blood pressure levels in overweight and obese subjects. This paper is an update on the potential of these parameters as a tool for predicting cardiovascular risk. Aims: To estimate the prevalence of...

  • Blood Pressure in Children Exposed Prenatally to Cocaine. Needlman, Robert; Frank, Deborah A.; Cabral, Howard; Mirochnick, Mark; Kwon, Christopher; Zuckerman, Barry // Clinical Pediatrics;Nov1998, Vol. 37 Issue 11, p659 

    Explores the relationship between prenatal cocaine exposure and blood pressure in children. Comparison of cocaine-exposed and nonexposed subjects; Blood pressure and pulse measurements.

  • Elevated blood pressure: emerging health problem in Iran. Mohammad, K.; Kolahdooz, F.; Sheikholeslam, R. // Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition;2004 Supplement, Vol. 13, pS99 

    Introduction: Hypertension is a major underlying cause of coronary heart disease and stroke. The risk of both CHD disease and stroke increases progressively throughout the observed range of blood pressure. Observational studies show that a sustained difference of only 7.5 mmHg in the diastolic...

  • Blood Pressure Distribution in Indian Children. RAJ, MANU; SUNDARAM, KARIMASSERY RAMAIYER; PAUL, MARY; KUMAR, RAMAN KRISHNA // Indian Pediatrics;Jun2010, Vol. 47 Issue 6, p477 

    Objective: To determine blood pressure distribution in schoolchildren and to derive population specific reference values appropriate for age, gender and height status. Design: Cross sectional observational study. Setting: Schools in Ernakulam district, Kerala, India, during 2005-06. Methods:...

  • Risk profiles of lipids, blood pressure, and anthropometric measures in childhood and adolescence: project heartBeat! Haksing Ip, Edward; Xiaoyan Leng; Qiang Zhang; Schwartz, Robert; Shyh-Huei Chen; Shifan Dai; Labarthe, Darwin // BMC Obesity;2/18/2016, Vol. 3, p1 

    Background: Many common risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) originate in childhood and adolescence. There is a lack of literature examining variability within study populations, as well as a shortage of simultaneous analyses of CVD risk factors operating in tandem. Methods: We used...

  • Maternal Age During Pregnancy Is Associated With Third Trimester Blood Pressure Level: The Generation R Study. Gaillard, Romy; Bakker, Rachel; Steegers, Eric A. P.; Hofman, Albert; Jaddoe, Vincent W. V. // American Journal of Hypertension;Sep2011, Vol. 24 Issue 9, p1046 

    BackgroundWe hypothesized that hemodynamic adaptations related to pregnancy and ageing might be associated with differences in blood pressure levels during pregnancy between younger and older women. This might partly explain the increased risk of gestational hypertensive disorders with advanced...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics