Assessing On-Farm Irrigation Water Use Efficiency in Southern Ontario

Bernier, Marie-H�l�ne; Madramootoo, Chandra A.; Mehdi, Bano B.; Gollamudi, Apurva
June 2010
Canadian Water Resources Journal / Revue Canadienne des Ressourc;Summer2010, Vol. 35 Issue 2, p115
Academic Journal
For high-value horticultural crop production in southern Ontario, irrigation is an essential ingredient in overcoming insufficient rainfall and achieving stabilized crop production. In a context where competition for limited water resources intensifies due to the expansion of the agricultural sector, increasing urban development and tourism, and potential climate change impacts, conserving water through efficient irrigation has become a key solution in addressing this growing challenge. The implementation of advanced soil water monitoring technologies and water budgeting methods for improved irrigation scheduling is examined with regard to water conservation and thus as a means to cope with competing demands for limited water supplies. During the 2007 growing season, soil moisture was measured using two sensors at four field sites (comprising a total of six irrigated zones as two sites include two different irrigation/production systems) in southern Ontario. Irrigation water consumption was measured by flow meters at three sites. In addition, a survey was administered to collect information on growers' current irrigation scheduling practices. On-farm irrigation performance was assessed by comparing calculated tomato, green bell pepper, strawberry and peach water requirements (using the water budget method) with growers' estimates of irrigation water use and with soil moisture measurements taken during the growing season. Four out of the six irrigated zones were excessively irrigated, while in one zone, water was insufficiently applied. The crop water requirements were met efficiently exclusively in one zone where tomatoes were grown. Overall, the results of this research show that by implementing advanced soil moisture monitoring technologies, growers can increase precision in water application and reduce the uncertainty in their current irrigation scheduling practices.


Related Articles

  • Effect of seasonal water stress imposed on drip irrigated second crop watermelon grown in semi-arid climatic conditions. Kirnak, Halil; Dogan, Ergun // Irrigation Science;Apr2009, Vol. 27 Issue 2, p155 

    A study was conducted to determine the water stress effect on yield and some physiological parameters including crop water stress index for drip irrigated second crop watermelon. Irrigations were scheduled based on replenishment of 100, 75, 50, 25, and 0% soil water depletion from 90 cm soil...

  • Response of nutsedge ( Cyperus esculentus L. var sativus Boeck.) tuber production to drip irrigation based on volumetric soil water content. Pascual-Seva, N.; San Bautista, A.; López-Galarza, S.; Maroto, J.; Pascual, B. // Irrigation Science;Jan2015, Vol. 33 Issue 1, p31 

    Cultivated nutsedge is a common crop in Valencia (Spain). The aim of this research, which was conducted over two consecutive years, was to compare the productive response of the nutsedge crop with drip irrigation and traditional furrow irrigation, calculating the yield and the irrigation water...

  • Water Retention Techniques under Crop’s Root Zone a Tool to Enhance Water Use Efficiency and Economic Water Productivity for Zucchini. Hommadi, Ali Hassan; Almasraf, Sabah Anwer // Journal of Engineering (17264073);Jun2019, Vol. 25 Issue 6, p44 

    A new technique in cultivation by installing membrane sheet below the crop’s root zone was helped to save irrigation water in the root zone, less farm losses, increasing the field water use efficiency and water productivity. In this paper, the membrane sheet was installed below the root...

  • Soil moisture monitoring and plant stress measurement of young citrus orchard. Abouatallaha, A.; Salghi, R.; Hammouti, B.; El Fadl, A.; El-Otmani, M.; Benismail, M. C.; Eljaouhari, N.; El Kabous, El; Ziani, A. // Der Pharma Chemica;2011, Vol. 3 Issue 6, p341 

    Capacitance probes were tested in a young citrus orchard for irrigation water saving; Cumulative water received by the plot reached 334 mm and 398 mm for the first and second year period respectively (irrigation + useful rain). Irrigations were made in 521 interventions when the lowest dose of...

  • A Seven-Decade History of the Water-Use Efficiency of a Swiss Alpine Grassland.  // CO2 Science;6/30/2010, Vol. 13 Issue 26, p3 

    The article discusses a research study, which examined the plant intrinsic water-use efficiency (iWUE) of an alpine grassland in Switzerland. The researchers focused used the horns of numerous deceased alpine ibex to analyze the alpine grassland plants they ate while they were alive. Results...

  • Grain yield reliability analysis with crop water demand uncertainty. Ganji, A.; Ponnambalam, K.; Khalili, D.; Karamouz, M. // Stochastic Environmental Research & Risk Assessment;May2006, Vol. 20 Issue 4, p259 

    A new method of reliability analysis for crop water production function is presented considering crop water demand uncertainty. The procedure uses an advanced first-order second moment (AFOSM) method in evaluating the crop yield failure probability. To determine the variance and the mean of...

  • Evapotranspiração, coeficientes de cultivo e eficiência do uso da água da cultura do pimentão em diferentes sistemas de cultivo. Souza, Adilson Pacheco de; Pereira, João Batista Alves; Silva, Leonardo Duarte Batista da; Guerra, José Guilherme Marinho; Carvalho, Daniel Fonseca de // Acta Scientiarum: Agronomy;Jan-Mar2011, Vol. 33 Issue 1, p15 

    Evapotranspiration, crop coefficients and water use efficiency of the bell pepper crop in different cropping systems. The objective of this study was to determine the crop evapotranspiration (ETc), crop coefficients (kc) and water-use efficiency (EUA) of the bell pepper crop in the no till...

  • Effects of Climate Variability on Water Storage in the Colorado River Basin. Hurkmans, Ruud; Troch, Peter A.; Uijlenhoet, Remko; Torfs, Paul; Durcik, Matej // Journal of Hydrometeorology;Oct2009, Vol. 10 Issue 5, p1257 

    Understanding the long-term (interannual–decadal) variability of water availability in river basins is paramount for water resources management. Here, the authors analyze time series of simulated terrestrial water storage components, observed precipitation, and discharge spanning 74 yr in...

  • Influence of Soil Moisture Depletion on Water Requirements, Yield and Mineral Contents of Potato. T.A., Eid; Ali, Seham M.M.; Abou-Baker, Nesreen H. // Journal of Applied Sciences Research;Mar2013, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p1457 

    Field experiments were conducted at El- Kanater Horticultural Research Station in two successive seasons 2009 and 2010 to study the effect of three moisture levels.(i.e. wet, medium and dry) on water requirements, yield, mineral concentrations and water use efficiency of potato plants (Solanum...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics