Octylcyanoacrylate Tissue Adhesive as an Alternative to Mechanical Fixation of Expanded Polytetrafluoroethylene Prosthesis

Birch, Daniel W.; Park, Adrian
October 2001
American Surgeon;Oct2001, Vol. 67 Issue 10, p974
Academic Journal
In minimally invasive incisional hernia repair positioning and fixation of the expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) mesh prosthesis on the deep surface of the abdominal wall may be facilitated using tissue adhesives. Octylcyanoacrylate (OCTYL), a new adhesive, forms a strong flexible bond with antimicrobial properties. In a rabbit model for incisional hernia we investigated characteristics of the bond created by OCTYL between ePTFE and abdominal wall musculature. We studied initial bond strength and the postoperative host response to the adhesive over a 6-week period. We compared sutured, stapled, and glued mesh prostheses and examined the tissue-prosthesis interface. The ePTFE mesh was fixed successfully to the abdominal wall with OCTYL and remained tightly attached at 6 weeks. Prostheses fixed with OCTYL and spiral tacks induced few intra-abdominal adhesions compared with sutured mesh. All prostheses were completely reperitonealized at 2 weeks. The force required to displace mesh fixed with sutures and staples was greater than mesh fixed with OCTYL. Analysis of the ePTFE/tissue interface by light and scanning electron microscopy showed host cellular migration into the interstices of the mesh with fixation by tacks and suture, whereas an inflammatory infiltrate was seen on the muscular surface with OCTYL fixation of the mesh.


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