TITLE

Pulmonary function test in healthy school children of 8 to 14 years age in south Gujarat region, India

AUTHOR(S)
Doctor, Tahera H.; Trivedi, Sangeeta S.; Chudasama, Rajesh K.
PUB. DATE
July 2010
SOURCE
Lung India;Jul-Sep2010, Vol. 27 Issue 3, p145
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objective: To obtain reference values for FEV1, FVC, FEV1% and PEFR among children aged 8-14 years in south Gujarat region of India.Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 655 normal healthy school children (408 boys and 247 girls) of Surat city aged 8 to 14 years studying in V to VII standard during November 2007 to April 2008. Height, weight, body surface area were measured. All included children were tested in a sitting position with the head straight after taking written consent from parents. Spirometry was done using the spirometer "Spirolab II" MIR 010. Spirometer used in the study facilitates the total valuation of lung function including forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), forced expiratory volume ratio in one second (FEV1%) and peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR). Results: FVC, FEV1 and PEFR were found to be statistically significant in the study groups. For FVC and FEV1, highest correlation was found with age in girls and height in boys. For FEV1%, significant negative correlation was found with age and height in both sexes, but positive correlation was found with surface area. Similarly, PEFR showed highest correlation with surface area in boys and girls. Conclusion: Variables such as FVC, FEV1 and PEFR show good positive correlation with height, age and body surface area in both sexes. There is a need to have regional values for the prediction of normal spirometric parameters in a country like India with considerable diversity.
ACCESSION #
53290974

 

Related Articles

  • Prevalence and severity of asthma in obese adult candidates for bariatric surgery. Melo, Saulo Maia Davila; De Melo, Valdinaldo Aragão; de Menezes Filho, Raimundo Sotero; Alves Júnior, Antônio J. // Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia;may2011, Vol. 37 Issue 3, p326 

    Objective: To determine the prevalence of asthma in a group of obese adult candidates for bariatric surgery and to evaluate the severity of asthma in this group of patients. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving 363 obese adults (body mass index ≥ 35 kg/m²) evaluated by a...

  • Heritability of lung function: a twin study among never-smoking elderly women. Hukkinen, Maria; Kaprio, Jaakko; Broms, Ulla; Viljanen, Anne; Kotz, Daniel; Rantanen, Taina; Korhonen, Tellervo // Twin Research & Human Genetics;Oct2011, Vol. 14 Issue 5, p401 

    Most studies on lung function heritability have been conducted in smokers and non-smokers using cross-sectional study design. Smoking patterns may, however, confound the contribution of genetic factors. We investigated heritability of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), forced vital...

  • Effects of High-Flux versus Low-Flux Membranes on Pulmonary Function Tests in Hemodialysis Patients. Momeni, Ali; Rouhi, Hamid; Kiani, Glareh; Amiri, Masoud // Tanaffos;2013, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p31 

    Background: Several studies have been carried out to evaluate the effects of dialysis on pulmonary function tests (PFT). Dialysis procedure may reduce lung volumes and capacities or cause hypoxia; however, to the best of our knowledge, there is no previous study evaluating the effects of...

  • Respiratory and Nasal Symptoms, Immunological Changes, and Lung Function in Industrial Bakers. Mijakoski, Dragan; Minov, Jordan; Stoleski, Saso // Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences;Mar2012, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p107 

    Background: Several studies reported that occupational exposure in bakery may cause respiratory impairment in exposed workers. Aim: To assess the respiratory effects and immunological changes of occupational exposure in industrial bakers. Material and Methods: We performed a cross-sectional...

  • Assessment of Lung Dysfunction with Spirometry in Patients with Thyroid Disorders.  // Acta Informatica Medica;2011, Vol. 19 Issue 1, p16 

    No abstract available.

  • Accelerated lung aging in patients with morbid obesity. Melo, Saulo Maia D'Ávila; De Melo, Valdinaldo Aragão; De Melo, Enaldo Vieira; De Menezes Filho, Raimundo Sotero; De Castro, Vinicius Leite; Barreto, Matheus Santana Paes // Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia;nov2010, Vol. 36 Issue 6, p746 

    Objective: To determine the lung age of patients with morbid obesity and to compare it with the chronological age of these patients, emphasizing the premature damage that morbid obesity does to the lungs. Methods: An open, prospective cross-sectional study comprising 112 individuals: 78 patients...

  • Late Presentation of Double Aortic Arch in School-Age Children Presumed to Have Asthma: The Benefits of Spirometry and Examination of the Flow-Volume Curve. Uchida, Derek A. // Respiratory Care;Oct2009, Vol. 54 Issue 10, p1402 

    Children with double aortic arch most often present in infancy. This report presents 3 patients in whom the diagnosis of double aortic arch was not revealed until later in childhood. They were all given a misdiagnosis of asthma, but abnormalities detected on the flow-volume curve led to the true...

  • Assessment of lung function parameters in Nigerian males with diabetes. Kolawole, B. A.; Erhabor, G. E.; Ikem, R. T. // African Journal of Respiratory Medicine;Mar2012, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p20 

    Despite scarce information on the implications of diabetes for pulmonary function, existing evidence suggests that the respiratory system might also be affected by diabetes. We therefore conducted a crosssectional study of pulmonary function in male Nigerian diabetes patients using spirometric...

  • Relationship between anthropometric variables and lung function parameters among primary school children. Mohammed, Jibril; Maiwada, Sa'adatu Abubakar; Sumaila, Farida Garba // Annals of Nigerian Medicine;Jan-Jun2015, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p20 

    Background: Anthropometric measurements in children are known to change with increasing age and other factors. This study investigated the relationship between anthropometric variables and lung functions (LF) of children. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and fifty apparently healthy school...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics