Differentiating Components of Cerebral Arteriovenous Malformations Using Ti-Weighted Gradient Recall Echo MR Imaging

Wu, E.-H.; Wong, H.-F.; Toh, C.-H.; Ng, S.-H.; Wu, Y.-M.; Wong, A. M.
June 2010
Neuroradiology Journal;Jun2010, Vol. 23 Issue 3, p279
Academic Journal
Cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) typically shows signal void on conventional MR images, making differentiation of each component difficult. We analyzed the MR signal intensity of AVM components on T1-weighted gradient recalled echo pulse sequence images. We retrospectively studied 29 patients with AVM between 2006 and 2008. Patients were excluded if they had 1) intracranial hemorrhage, 2) previous intervention for AVM. All patients underwent MR study on a 3T system (Magentom TIM Trio, Siemens). Pulse sequences included T1-weighted gradient recalled echo (T1GRE), T2-weighted (T2), time-of-flight (TOF), and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted (cT1) images. Digital subtracted angiography (DSA) was performed in all patients as a diagnostic standard. Signal intensity of each AVM component was recorded and compared between pulse sequences. Nine patients were studied (five men; mean age 39.1 years) and nine AVM were identified (mean size, 3.9 cm). Three different signal intensities (hypo-, iso-, and hyper-intensity) were observed in all nine patients on T1GRE. Only one signal intensity was seen on T2 (flow void) and cT1 images (hyperintensity) in nine patients. Two different signal intensities were observed in all seven patients with TOF images. The T1GRE image showed the largest number of different signal intensities of AVM when compared with other pulse sequences, thus providing clearer structural delineation. Routine use of the T1GRE pulse sequence can help pre-therapeutic planning or follow-up of AVM .


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