TITLE

cDNA Transfection of Amino-Terminal Fragment of Urokinase Efficiently Inhibits Cancer Cell Invasion and Metastasis

AUTHOR(S)
Zhu, Fuxiang; Jia, Shidong; Xing, Guichun; Gao, Linlu; Zhang, Lingqiang; He, Fuchu
PUB. DATE
May 2001
SOURCE
DNA & Cell Biology;May2001, Vol. 20 Issue 5, p297
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Focusing of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) to the cell surface via binding to its specific receptor (uPAR, CD87) is critical for tumor invasion and metastasis. Consequently, the inhibition of uPA-uPAR interaction on the cell surface might be a promising anti-invasion and anti-metastasis strategy. We examined the effects of cDNA transfection of the human uPA amino-terminal fragment (ATF) on invasion and metastasis of cancer cells. First, a highly metastatic human lung giant-cell carcinoma cell line (PG), used as the target cell for evaluation of this effect, was demonstrated to express both uPA and uPAR. Then, ATF, which contains an intact uPAR binding site but is catalytically inactive, was designed as an antagonist of uPA-uPAR interaction and was transfected into PG cells. [[sup 3]H]-Thymidine incorporation and cell growth curves indicated that expressed ATF did not affect the proliferation of transfected cells. However, analysis by scanning electron microscopy revealed that ATF changed the host cells from the typical invasive phenotype to a noninvasive one. Correspondingly, the modified Boyden chamber test in vitro showed that ATF expression significantly decreased the invasive capacity of transfected cells. Furthermore, in the spontaneous metastasis model, it was confirmed in vivo that expressed ATF remarkably inhibited lung metastasis of implanted ATF-transfected PG cells. In summary, autocrine ATF could act as an antagonist of uPA-uPAR interaction, and ATF cDNA transfection could efficiently inhibit the invasion and metastasis of the cancer cells. Inhibition of uPA-uPAR interaction on the cell surface might be a promising anti-invasion and anti-metastasis strategy.
ACCESSION #
5322841

 

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