TITLE

Organization of Ribosomal RNA Genes from a Loofah Witches' Broom Phytoplasma

AUTHOR(S)
Ho, Kuo-Chieh; Tsai, Chi-Chang; Chung, Te-Lei
PUB. DATE
February 2001
SOURCE
DNA & Cell Biology;Feb2001, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p115
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Using the technique of integrative mapping with three vectors carrying chromosomal rDNA sequences, one of two rRNA operons of loofah witches' broom (LfWB) phytoplasma was constructed. This is the first complete rRNA operon of a phytoplasma to be reported. The operon has a context of 5'-16S-23S-5S-3' with a tRNA[sup Ile] gene in the ITS and tRNA[sup Val] and tRNA[sup Asn] genes downstream from the 5S rRNA gene. Although the other operon has not been cloned, the DNA sequence of a PCR-amplified product shows that it has no tRNA[sup Ile] gene in the ITS region. The complete nucleotide sequences of 16S, 23S, and 5S rDNA are 1538, 2864, and 113 bp, respectively. Five -10-like sequences, but no -35 sequences, were found within a 494-bp leader region. There was a TG dinucleotide two nucleotides upstream from each -10-like sequence. The existence of a TG dinucleotide at this position has been reported to enhance the efficiency of a promoter without a -35 region. The regions immediately flanking the 5' and 3' ends of 16S and 23S rDNA can form long basepaired stems that contain sites for processing by RNase III. No obvious sequence for a rho-dependent or rho-independent termination site was found downstream from the tRNA[sup Asn] gene. The transcription may stop within a pyrimidine-rich region, as has been reported for several polypeptide-encoding genes and rRNA operons of archaeobacteria. The presence of the tRNA genes downstream from the 5S rRNA gene in the rRNA operon of LfWB phytoplasma further supports the hypothesis that phytoplasmas are phylogenetically closer to acholeplasmas than to mycoplasmas. The phylogenetic relatedness of LfWB phytoplasma to other phytoplasmas is discussed on the basis of the nucleotide sequence of rRNA genes and ITS.
ACCESSION #
5322778

 

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