TITLE

Lack of Collagen Type Specificity for Lysyl Hydroxylase Isoforms

AUTHOR(S)
Wang, Chunguang; Valtavaara, Minna; Myllyla, Raili
PUB. DATE
February 2000
SOURCE
DNA & Cell Biology;Feb2000, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p71
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Lysyl hydroxylase is the enzyme catalyzing the formation of hydroxylysyl residues in collagens. Large differences in the extent of hydroxylysyl residues are found among collagen types. Three lysyl hydroxylase isoenzymes (LH1, LH2, LH3) have recently been characterized from human and mouse tissues. Nothing is known about the distribution of these isoforms within cells or whether they exhibit collagen type specificity. We measured mRNA levels of the three isoforms, as well as the mRNAs of the main collagen types I, III, IV, and V and the alpha subunit of prolyl 4-hydroxylase, another enzyme involved in collagen biosynthesis, in different human cell lines. Large variations were found in mRNA expression of LH1 and LH2 but not LH3. Immunoblotting was utilized to confirm the results of Northern hybridization. The levels of mRNA of LH1, LH2, and the alpha subunit of prolyl 4-hydroxylase showed significant correlations with each other. The LH3 mRNA levels did not correlate with those of LH1, LH2, or the alpha subunit of prolyl 4-hydroxylase, clearly indicating a difference in the regulation of LH3. No correlation was observed between LH isoforms and individual collagen types, indicating a lack of collagen type specificity for lysyl hydroxylase isoforms. Our observations suggest that LH1, LH2, and the alpha subunit of prolyl 4-hydroxylase are coregulated together with total collagen synthesis but not with the specific collagen types and indicate that LH3 behaves differently from LH1 and LH2, implying a difference in their substrates. These observations set the basis for further studies to define the functions of lysyl hydroxylase isoforms.
ACCESSION #
5322777

 

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