NFBD1/KIAA0170 Is a Novel Nuclear Transcriptional Transactivator with BRCT Domain

Ozaki, Toshinori; Nagase, Takahiro; Ichimiya, Shingo; Seki, Naohiko; Ohiri, Miki; Nomura, Nobuo; Takada, Naoyuki; Sakiyama, Shigeru; Weber, Barbara L.; Nakagawara, Akira
August 2000
DNA & Cell Biology;Aug2000, Vol. 19 Issue 8, p475
Academic Journal
The BRCT (BRCA1 C-terminus) superfamily includes a large number of nuclear proteins closely involved in DNA repair, recombination, and cell-cycle control. The human cDNA clone NFBD1 (previously designated KIAA0170) encodes a novel protein (2089 amino acids in length; calculated molecular mass 226,440 D) with possible BRCT domains at its carboxy terminus (amino acid residues 1894-2089). This gene product has been described as one of the BRCT superfamily proteins. However, its biological significance has been unclarified. Expression of green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged full-length NFBD1 or a series of deletion mutants indicated that NFBD1 was localized to the nucleus in various mammalian cells, and a 197-amino acid segment near the amino terminus (amino acid residues 142-338) contained a nuclear targeting signal. In vitro DNAbinding experiments showed that the highly basic region of NFBD1 (amino acid residues 1841-1893) possessed DNA-binding activity. The region encoding amino acids 508-995 of NFBD1 fused inframe with GAL4 DNAbinding domain activated transcription in both yeast and mammalian cells, while the possible BRCT domains of NFBD1 failed to induce transcription in mammalian cells. Overexpression of antisense NFBD1 RNA in a p53-deficient human osteogenic sarcoma cell line (SAOS-2) resulted in remarkable suppression of SAOS-2 colony formation. These results suggest that NFBD1 is a nuclear transcriptional transactivator with possible BRCT domains and may contribute to cell growth control.


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