Tissue-Specific Regulatory Elements in the Human Alcohol Dehydrogenase 6 Gene

Zhi, Xin; Chan, Edward M.; Edenberg, Howard J.
August 2000
DNA & Cell Biology;Aug2000, Vol. 19 Issue 8, p487
Academic Journal
The human alcohol dehydrogenase gene ADH6 is expressed at the highest levels in fetal and adult liver. We have mapped cis-acting elements that affect its expression. The sequence from bp -34 to -62 (site C) that includes the TATA box was strongly bound by nuclear proteins from liver, hepatoma cells, and fibroblasts. A truncation that removed the upstream part of site C but left the TATA homology intact dramatically reduced transcription; altering 5 bp in this region had much less effect. Part of site C can be bound by C/EBPa, but cotransfection with C/EBPa or C/EBP� did not stimulate transcription. The proximal region did not display tissue specificity, so we cloned the upstream region to search for additional regulatory sequences. The region between -1.6 and -2.3 kb stimulated transcription in hepatoma cells and inhibited it in fibroblasts. We identified two sites in this region that affect transcription independently of their orientation. Site 1 was a negative regulatory element in fibroblasts but had no effect in hepatoma cells. Site 2 was a positive regulatory element in hepatoma cells but had no effect in fibroblasts. This combination of positive and negative regulatory elements can play a significant role in the tissue-specific expression of ADH6.


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