Field enhanced bulk conductivity of acceptor-doped BaTi1-xCaxO3-x ceramics

Masó, Nahum; Prades, Marta; Beltrán, Héctor; Cordoncillo, Eloisa; Sinclair, Derek C.; West, Anthony R.
August 2010
Applied Physics Letters;8/9/2010, Vol. 97 Issue 6, p062907
Academic Journal
The electrical properties of Ca-doped BaTiO3 are very different when Ca substitutes onto Ba or Ti sites. The p-type semiconductivity of Ti-substituted ceramics increases reversibly by one to two orders of magnitude under a dc-bias voltage of ≤100 V cm-1, whereas Ba-substituted ceramics show little sensitivity to a dc bias. This increase in BaTi1-xCaxO3-x, studied over the temperature range 150–600 °C, is independent of electrode material and atmosphere and is attributed to ionization of underbonded O2- ions adjacent to acceptor-doped Ca2+ ions.


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