Calcination Temperature of Nano MgO Effect on Base Transesterification of Palm Oil

Yacob, Abdul Rahim; Asyraf Amat Mustajab, Mohd Khairul; Samadi, Nur Syazeila
August 2009
World Academy of Science, Engineering & Technology;Aug2009, Issue 32, p408
Academic Journal
Nano MgO has been synthesized by hydration and dehydration method by modifies the commercial MgO. The prepared MgO had been investigated as a heterogeneous base catalyst for transesterification process for biodiesel production using palm oil. TGA, FT-IR and XRD results obtained from this study lie each other and proved in the formation of nano MgO from decomposition of Mg(OH)2. This study proved that the prepared nano MgO was a better base transesterification catalyst compared to commercial MgO. The nano MgO calcined at 600°C had gives the highest conversion of 51.3% of palm oil to biodiesel.


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