TITLE

Vitamin D Deficiency in Adults: When to Test and How to Treat

AUTHOR(S)
KENNEL, KURT A.; DRAKE, MATTHEW T.; HURLEY, DANIEL L.
PUB. DATE
August 2010
SOURCE
Mayo Clinic Proceedings;Aug2010, Vol. 85 Issue 8, p752
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Recent evidence for the nonskeletal effects of vitamin D, coupled with recognition that vitamin D deficiency is common, has revived interest In this hormone. Vitamin D is produced by skin exposed to ultraviolet B radiation or obtained from dietary sources, including supplements. Persons commonly at risk for vitamin D deficiency include those with inadequate sun exposure, limited oral Intake, or impaired intestinal absorption. Vitamin D adequacy Is best determined by measurement of the 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration in the blood. Average daily vitamin D intake In the population at large and current dietary reference intake values are often inadequate to maintain optimal vitamin D levels. Clinicians may recommend supplementation but be unsure how to choose the optimal dose and type of vitamin D and how to use testing to monitor therapy. This review outlines strategies to prevent, diagnose, and treat vitamin D deficiency in adults.
ACCESSION #
52889935

 

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