The Thai version of the PSS-10: An Investigation of its psychometric properties

Wongpakaran, Nahathai; Wongpakaran, Tinakon
January 2010
BioPsychoSocial Medicine;2010, Vol. 4, p6
Academic Journal
Background: Among the stress instruments that measure the degree to which life events are perceived as stressful, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) is widely used. The goal of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of a Thai version of the PSS-10 (T-PSS-10) with a clinical and non-clinical sample. Internal consistency, test-retest reliability, concurrent validity, and the factorial structure of the scale were tested. Methods: A total sample of 479 adult participants was recruited for the study: 368 medical students and 111 patients from two hospitals in Northern Thailand. The T-PSS-10 was used along with the Thai version of State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Thai Version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), and the Thai Depression Inventory (TDI). Results: Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) yielded 2 factors with eigenvalues of 5.05 and 1.60, accounting for 66 percent of variance. Factor 1 consisted of 6 items representing "stress"; whereas Factor 2 consisted of 4 items representing "control". The item loadings ranged from 0.547 to 0.881. Investigation of the fit indices associated with Maximum Likelihood (ML) estimation revealed that the two-factor solution was adequate [?2 = 35.035 (df = 26, N = 368, p < 0.111)]; Goodness-of-Fit Index (GFI) = 0.981; Root Mean Square Residual (RMR) = 0.022; Standardized Root Mean square Residual (SRMR) = 0.037, Comparative Fit Index (CFI) = 0.989; Normed Fit Index (NFI) = 0.96, Non-Normed Fit Index (NNFI) = 0.981, Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) = 0.031. It was found that the T-PSS-10 had a significant positive correlation with the STAI (r = 0.60, p < 0.0001), and the TDI (r = 0.55, p < 0.0001); and was significantly negatively correlated with the RSES (r = -0.46, p < 0.0001, N = 368). The overall Cronbach's alpha was 0.85. The ICC was 0.82 (95% CI, 0.72 and 0.88) at 4 week-retest reliability. Conclusions: The Thai version of the PSS-10 demonstrated excellent goodness-of-fit for the two factor solution model, as well as good reliability and validity for estimating the level of stress perception with a Thai population. Limitations of the study are discussed.


Related Articles

  • TOWARD A MORE APPROPRIATE USE OF GUTTMAN SCALING. Robinson, John P. // Public Opinion Quarterly;Summer73, Vol. 37 Issue 2, p260 

    This article discusses the use of Guttman scaling. The goodness-of-fit measure -- the coefficient of reproducibility (CR) -- is known to have a number of undesirable properties, as L. Guttman himself implied in his early exposition of scale analysis. The attainment of a CR that is statistically...

  • Moment Testing for Interaction Terms in Structural Equation Modeling. Mooijaart, Ab; Satorra, Albert // Psychometrika;Jan2012, Vol. 77 Issue 1, p65 

    Starting with Kenny and Judd (Psychol. Bull. 96:201-210, ) several methods have been introduced for analyzing models with interaction terms. In all these methods more information from the data than just means and covariances is required. In this paper we also use more than just first- and...

  • LIMITED INFORMATION GOODNESS-OF-FIT TESTING IN MULTIDIMENSIONAL CONTINGENCY TABLES. Maydeu-Olivares, Albert; Joe, Harry // Psychometrika;Dec2006, Vol. 71 Issue 4, p713 

    We introduce a family of goodness-of-fit statistics for testing composite null hypotheses in multidimensional contingency tables. These statistics are quadratic forms in marginal residuals up to order r. They are asymptotically chi-square under the null hypothesis when parameters are estimated...

  • Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Job Diagnostic Survey: Good News and Bad News. Harvey, Robert J.; Billings, Robert S.; Nilan, Kevin J. // Journal of Applied Psychology;Aug85, Vol. 70 Issue 3, p461 

    The results of exploratory studies of the factor structure of the Job Diagnostic Survey (JDS) have been ambiguous: Some concluded it measures a single underlying factor, others claimed its dimensionality varies across different populations, and still others found support for the a priori factor...

  • Goodness-of-Fit Tests Based on Sample Space Partitions: a Unifying Overview. Thas, O.; Ottoy, J.P. // Journal of Applied Mathematics & Decision Sciences;2002, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p203 

    Provides an overview of the construction of goodness-of-fit tests based on sample space partitions (SSP). Power characteristics of the tests; Example of the one-sample SSP test.

  • Validation of the Flourishing Scale and Scale of Positive and Negative Experience in Portugal. Silva, Ana; Caetano, António // Social Indicators Research;Jan2013, Vol. 110 Issue 2, p469 

    The Flourishing Scale (FS) and the Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE) created by Diener et al. (Soc Indic Res 97:143-156, ) are instruments that assess psychological flourishing and feelings (positive and negative, and the difference between the two). In this study, the...

  • Selecting the Best Clinical Vignettes for Academic Meetings: Should the Scoring Tool Criteria be Modified? Newsom, Jeremiah; Estrada, Carlos; Panisko, Danny; Willett, Lisa // JGIM: Journal of General Internal Medicine;Feb2012, Vol. 27 Issue 2, p202 

    BACKGROUND: The performance of scoring tools to select clinical vignettes for presentation at academic meetings has never been assessed. OBJECTIVE: To measure the psychometric properties of two scoring tools used to select clinical vignettes and to determine which elements are most helpful....

  • Goodness-of-Fit Tests Using Dual Versions of Characterizations via Moments of Record Values. Morris, K. W.; Szynal, D. // Journal of Mathematical Sciences;Aug2004, Vol. 122 Issue 4, p3384 

    Focuses on goodness-of-fit tests using dual versions of characterizations via moments of record values. Sequence of independent and identically distributed random variables with cumulative distribution function and probability distribution function; Discusses of related theorems, corollaries and...

  • Goodness-of-Fit Tests Using Dual Versions of Characterizations via Moments of Order Statistics. Morris, K. W.; Szynal, D. // Journal of Mathematical Sciences;Aug2004, Vol. 122 Issue 4, p3365 

    Focuses on goodness-of-fit tests using dual versions of characterizations via moments of order statistics. Use of dual versions of characterizations to construct good-of-fit tests; Discusses of related theorems, corollaries and equation.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics