Effects of Dining on Tongue Endurance and Swallowing-Related Outcomes

Kays, Stephanie A.; Hind, Jacqueline A.; Gangnon, Ronald E.; Robbins, JoAnne
August 2010
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2010, Vol. 53 Issue 4, p898
Academic Journal
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that eating a meal reduces tongue strength and endurance in healthy old and young adults. It was predicted that older adults would show greater declines in tongue endurance while demonstrating higher perceived effort, longer meal durations, and clinical signs of swallowing difficulty. Method: Twenty-two healthy adults were enrolled into 2 groups (ages 20-35 years and ages 65-82 years; 5 males and 6 females each). Maximum tongue strength (Pmax) and endurance (duration 50% of Pmax could be maintained) were measured twice at baseline and once postmeal. Subjects consumed half of a bagel with peanut butter, carrot sticks, and milk between measures. Results: All subjects demonstrated reduced tongue strength and endurance postmeal. Young adults showed a greater decline in anterior tongue endurance compared with older adults (p = .05). There was no evidence that changes in tongue strength, perceived effort, or meal duration varied by age or gender. The 3 oldest subjects reported the highest effort and displayed signs of difficulty swallowing while dining. Conclusions: Young and old adults demonstrated reduced tongue strength and endurance after dining, but younger subjects showed greater declines in anterior tongue endurance, whereas older adults exhibited signs of swallowing difficulty.


Related Articles

  • Effect of vitamin E supplementation and combined treadmill exercise towards development of leg strength, explosive strength and exercise oxygen uptake of male students. Mondal, Salman Farsi; Bandopadhyay, Pathikrit // Journal of Pharmacy Research;Jul2014, Vol. 8 Issue 7, p958 

    Physical training along with ample and proper nutrient intake together is very essential device to improve fitness as well as also to achieve high level performance .Micrnutrients particularly vitamins play a key role towards development of specific fitness components and therefore are of great...

  • Tongue Strength and Endurance: Relation to Highly Skilled Movements. Robin, Donald A.; Goel, Anuj; Somodi, Lori B.; Luschei, Erich S. // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Dec92, Vol. 35 Issue 6, p1239 

    Provides information on a study which examined tongue strength and endurance in subjects who have acquired high skill levels with their tongues and in subjects who use the tongue normally. Methods; Results; Discussions.

  • Lingual Strengthening: Success in an Outpatient Setting. Meier, Ali // Perspectives on Swallowing & Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia);Apr2015, Vol. 24 Issue 2, p71 

    No abstract available.

  • Prognostic value of decreased tongue strength on survival time in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Weikamp, J.; Schelhaas, H.; Hendriks, J.; Swart, B.; Geurts, A. // Journal of Neurology;Nov2012, Vol. 259 Issue 11, p2360 

    Decreased tongue strength (TS) might herald bulbar involvement in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) well before dysarthria or dysphagia occur, and as such might be prognostic of short survival. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of a decreased TS,...

  • Brainstorming the postviral fatigue syndrome. Dawson, Jane // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);11/5/88, Vol. 297 Issue 6657, p1151 

    Examines the disciplinary approach for the postviral fatigue syndrome in Great Britain. Causes of the syndrome; Factors influencing the development of the disease; Reduction of the muscle strength.

  • Pattern of Tongue Pressure on Hard Palate During Swallowing. Ono, Takahiro; Hori, Kazuhiro; Nokubi, Takashi // Dysphagia (0179051X);Fall2004, Vol. 19 Issue 4, p259 

    Contact of the tongue against the hard palate plays an important role in swallowing. This study aimed to clarify the pattern of contact between the tongue and hard palate by analyzing tongue pressure produced in swallowing 15 ml of water by healthy subjects wearing an experimental palatal plate...

  • Longstanding Effect and Outcome Differences of Palatal Plate and Oral Screen Training on Stroke-Related Dysphagia. Hägg, Mary; Tibbling, Lita // Open Rehabilitation Journal;2013, Vol. 6, p35 

    Aim: This study aimed at evaluating (1) if the oral training effect on stroke related dysphagia differs between two different oral appliances, a palatal plate (PP) and an oral screen (OS), and (2) if the training effect remains at a late follow-up. Methods: We included patients with...

  • Hitting the Wall. Burke, Edmund R. // American Fitness;Jul/Aug99, Vol. 17 Issue 4, p52 

    Discusses the factors that cause muscle fatigue. Limitations to an athlete's endurance; Significance of water intake during exercise; How to avoid overheating; Depletion of muscle fuels.

  • Lingual and pharyngeal paralysis due to acute doxycycline intoxication in veal calves. Chiers, K.; Weyens, P.; Deprez, P.; Van Heerden, M.; Meulemans, G.; Baert, K.; Croubels, S.; De Backer, P.; Ducatelle, R. // Veterinary Record: Journal of the British Veterinary Association;7/3/2004, Vol. 155 Issue 1, p25 

    Describes the development of clinical dysphagia and paralysis of the tongue as a result of myofiber degeneration in the lingual and pharyngeal striated muscles of calves suffering from doxycycline intoxication. Focal macrophage infiltration and fibroblast proliferation; Proliferation of...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics