Perception of Acoustically Degraded Sentences in Bilingual Listeners Who Differ in Age of English Acquisition

Lu-Feng Shi
August 2010
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2010, Vol. 53 Issue 4, p821
Academic Journal
Purpose: The effects of acoustic degradation and context use on sentence perception were evaluated in listeners differing in age of English acquisition. Method: Five groups of 8 listeners, native monolingual (NM), native bilingual (NB), and early, late, and very late non-native bilingual (NN-E, NN-L, and NN-VL, respectively), identified target words in 400 Speech-Perception-in-Noise (SPIN) sentences presented in 8 combinations of noise (+6 vs. 0 dB signal-to-noise ratio), reverberation (1.2 vs. 3.6 s reverberation time), and context (high vs. low predictability). Results: Separate effects of noise, reverberation, and context were largely level dependent and more significant than their interaction with listeners' age of English acquisition. However, the effect of noise, as well as the combined effect of reverberation and context, was mediated by age of acquisition. NN-VL listeners' performance was significantly compromised in all test conditions. NB, NN-E, and NN-L listeners' use of context, by contrast, deviated substantially from the monolingual normative in difficult listening conditions. Conclusions: Findings suggest that linguistic background needs to be considered in the understanding of bilingual listeners' context use in acoustically degraded conditions. Direct comparison of early bilingual listeners' performance with monolingual norms may be inappropriate when speech is highly degraded.


Related Articles

  • Reception Thresholds for Sentences in Quiet and Noise for Monolingual English and Bilingual Mandarin-English Listeners. Stuart, Andrew; Jianliang Zhang; Swink, Shannon // Journal of the American Academy of Audiology;Apr2010, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p239 

    Background: Bilingual (BL) listeners' difficulties in adverse noise conditions are exacerbated when perceiving their second language (L2) relative to their first language (L1). Perception of L2 is also significantly poorer by BL listeners compared to native monolingual (ML) listeners. Purpose:...

  • Bilingual Education.  // New York Times Upfront;11/01/99, Vol. 132 Issue 5, p37 

    Presents arguments for and against bilingual education in the United States. Concerns that children may never be fluent in any language; Ineffectiveness of English-only instruction for children speaking other languages; Measurements of the success of bilingual education.

  • The effect of noise spectrum on speech recognition performance-intensity functions. Studebaker, Gerald A.; Taylor, Rebecca // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Apr94, Vol. 37 Issue 2, p439 

    Presents a study on the effect of noise spectrum on speech recognition performance-intensity (P-I) functions. Theoretical development; Speech audibility; Relationship between audiometric configuration and P-I function; Comparison of P-I functions estimated using articulation theory.

  • Recognition of Speech Produced in Noise. Pittman, Andrea L.; Wiley, Terry L. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2001, Vol. 44 Issue 3, p487 

    Presents information on a study which examined recognition of speech produced in quiet and in noise by normal hearing adults. Account of related studies; Development of speech material; Implications for clinical audiology.

  • Low-Frequency Gain Compensation in Directional Hearing Aids. Ricketts, Todd; Henry, Paula // American Journal of Audiology;Jun2002, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p29 

    Examines the impact of several types of directional low-frequency compensation on directional benefit provided to groups of listeners with varying degrees of low frequency hearing loss. Methodologies used to measure speech recognition; Calculation of speech intelligibility index; Overview of...

  • Words, words, words...  // Noise Notes;Oct2006, Vol. 5 Issue 4, p31 

    The article comments on the use of words in different contexts. It is stated that certain words like power, resonance and wave have precise scientific as well as wider popular meaning and their interpretation is contextual. It states, in acoustics as well there is confusion between decibel...

  • Early Bilingual Acquisition: A Case Study in Iran. Dastgahian, Elahe Shakhsi; Rostami, Hamid // International Journal of English Linguistics;Dec2013, Vol. 3 Issue 6, p97 

    This study takes a look at the acquisition of early bilingualism of Persian and English languages by a five year old boy named Daniel in Iran. It aims to find out the progress he has made while acquiring these languages simultaneously, degree of his success or failure in communication in each...

  • My Home es su Casa. Ramos, Francisco // Language Magazine;Nov2011, Vol. 11 Issue 3, p21 

    The article examines the factors that have contributed to the English acquisition process of Ernesto Caravantes, a critic of bilingual education and of the use of Spanish by Spanish-speaking families. Caravantes attributes the success of his English acquisition and academic achievements to his...

  • Effect of Bilingualism on Speech in Noise Perception in Young Adults. Vineetha, C. V.; Suma, R.; Nair, Sudha P. // Language in India;Jun2013, Vol. 13 Issue 6, p799 

    Introduction: Although speech is typically well understood under quiet conditions and low task demands, many environmental factors such as noise and reverberation negatively affect speech understanding (Crandell & Smaldino, 2000; Nabelek & Mason, 1981). These factors are present to some degree...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics