A descriptive analysis of relations between parents' self-reported smoking behavior and infants' daily exposure to environmental tobacco smoke

Kehl, Doris; Thyrian, Jochen R.; Lüdemann, Jan; Nauck, Matthias; John, Ulrich
January 2010
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p424
Academic Journal
Background: The aims of the present study were to examine relations between parents' self-reported smoking behavior and infants' daily exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, as assessed by urinary cotinine-to-creatinine ratio (CCR), and to describe the CCR over seven days among infants at home. Methods: A convenience sample of 27 households was drawn. Each household had to have at least one daily tobacco smoker and one child up to three years of age. Over a seven-day period, urine samples were obtained from the child daily. To examine relations between parents' self-reported smoking and infants' daily CCR, generalized estimating equation (GEE) analysis was used. Results: The data revealed that infants from households with indoor smoking had higher CCRs than infants in households with outdoor smoking. CCRs were higher in girls than in boys. Older infants had lower CCRs than younger infants. Smoking outside the home versus inside the home, infant's gender, and infants' age accounted for 68% of the variance in CCR in a GEE data analysis model. No increase or decrease of CCR over time was found. Conclusion: The findings suggest that parents' self-reported smoking indoors at home versus outdoors is predictive of CCR among infants three and younger. Higher CCR concentrations in girls' urine need further examination. Furthermore, significant fluctuations in daily CCR were not apparent in infants over a seven-day time period.


Related Articles

  • The Deadly Cigarette.  // America;7/27/1929, Vol. 41 Issue 16, p365 

    The author reflects on the attacks on tobacco smoking. The author states that the advocates against tobacco are now basing their claims on science. The author contends that the reported dangers of cigarettes to babies makes the advertisements of cigarettes a murderous campaign. The author argues...

  • Environmental tobacco smoke exposure in children: parental perception of smokiness at home and other factors associated with urinary cotinine in preschool children. Jurado, Dolores; Muñoz, Carmen; Luna, Juan De Dios; Fernández-Crehuet, Milagros // Journal of Exposure Analysis & Environmental Epidemiology;Jul2004, Vol. 14 Issue 4, p330 

    Parental smoking behavior at home and sociodemographic variables may influence exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in children. A sample of 115 preschool children aged 3-6 years was enrolled in this study. ETS exposure was evaluated through a questionnaire about parents' smoking...

  • Still smoking - just like grandad.  // Commercial Motor;7/5/2007, Vol. 205 Issue 5236, p15 

    The author offers perspectives about the smoking ban that was enforced in Great Britain on July 1, 2007. Although there is a ban, the author decided to keep on smoking, especially that the company he works for has been assigning smoking drivers to smokers' truck. He likes smoking, and he...

  • Development, design, and conceptual issues of project zero exposure: A program to protect young children from tobacco smoke exposure. Rosen, Laura J.; Guttman, Nurit; Hovell, Melbourne F.; Ben Noach, Michal; Winickoff, Jonathan P.; Tchernokovski, Shosh; Rosenblum, Joseph K.; Rubenstein, Uri; Seidmann, Vered; Vardavas, Constantine I.; Klepeis, Neil E.; Zucker, David M. // BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p508 

    Background: Tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) is a serious threat to child health. Roughly 40% of children worldwide are exposed to tobacco smoke, and the very young are often "captive smokers" in homes in which others smoke. The goal of this research project is to develop and evaluate an...

  • Queensland goes smoke-free.  // Australian Hotelier;Jul2006, Vol. 22 Issue 6, p9 

    Reports on the effectivity of the anti-smoking laws of Queensland Health on July 1, 2006. Coverage of the law.

  • smoking.  // Smoking Fast Facts (2007);6/1/2007, p1 

    The article provides facts about smoking. The World Health Organization estimates that smoking kills someone, somewhere, every ten seconds. The appearance, actions and effects of cigarettes are discussed. Common problems of smokers include coughing, shortness of breath and increased...

  • Public health and the power of individual action . Richmond, J. B.; Bums, D. M.; Cummings, K. M. // Tobacco Control;Mar2004 Supplement 1, Vol. 13, pi1 

    Dramatic changes in smoking behavior occurred over the half century since cigarette smoking was identified as a cause of human disease and these changes are a major public health accomplishment. Perhaps no component of this change has been more dramatic than the reduction in people's involuntary...

  • Did Finland's Tobacco Control Act of 1976 have an im on ever smoking? An examination based on male an female cohort trends. Helakorpi, S.; Martelin, I.; Torppa, J.; Patja, K.; Vartiainen, E.; Uutela, A. // Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Aug2004, Vol. 58 Issue 8, p649 

    Objective: To examine patterns of ever smoking among Finnish adults by gender and birth cohort from 1978 to 2001, with special emphasis on the possible effects of the 1976 Tobacco Control Act (TCA). Methods: The data were derived from independent, annual cross sectional postal surveys among...

  • Reactions to threatening health messages. Hoor, Gill A. ten; Peters, Gjalt-Jorn Y.; Kalagi, Janice; Groot, Lianne de; Grootjans, Karlijne; Huschens, Alexander; Köhninger, Constanze; Kölgen, Lizan; Pelssers, Isabelle; Schütt, Toby; Thomas, Sophia; Ruiter, Robert A. C.; Kok, Gerjo // BMC Public Health;2012, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Threatening health messages that focus on severity are popular, but frequently have no effect or even a counterproductive effect on behavior change. This paradox (i.e. wide application despite low effectiveness) may be partly explained by the intuitive appeal of threatening...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics