Žymantienė, Judita; Oberauskas, Vaidas; Kantautaitė, Jonė; Babrauskienė, Vida; Paunksnienė, Marija; Aniulienė, Albina; Pockevičius, Alius
June 2010
Veterinarija ir Zootechnika;2010, Vol. 50 Issue 72, p94
Academic Journal
The aim of the experiment was to study the effect of Chrollera vulgaris IFR-111 strain on the organism of New Zealand White juvenile rabbits and pregnant females. A total of 20 rabbits were divided by stratified random method to four groups each of five animals. Rabbits were kept individually in cages at vivarium of Lithuanian Veterinary Academy and fed a standard diet manufactured by UAB „Kauno grūdai”. After 7 days adaptation, rabbits in Group 1 (control - three months old) were fed standard diet and drinking water ad libitum; Group 2 (experimental - three months old) fed standard diet and drinking water ad libitum supplemented with Chlorella vulgaris IFR-111 extract 25 ml daily for 4 weeks; Group 3 (control - pregnant females, 2 years old) were fed standard diet and drinking water ad libitum, and Group 4 experimental (pregnant females, 2 years old) fed standard diet and drinking water ad libitum supplemented with Chlorella vulgaris 50 ml daily for 4 weeks. Chlorella vulgaris IFR-111 concentration was 10,8x109/L. Every week blood samples were collected from ear vein and level of glucose, triglicerids, cholesterol, proteins, erytrocytes, Hb and oxygen were determined. A-mode ultrasonography was used to determine eye's morphological indexes. At the end of experiment 6 rabbits (3 from Groups 1 and 2) were euthanised and the microflora of caecum, weigh of the liver, kidney and heart, histological parameters of kidney and liver were determined. Blood parameters were not significantly affected by Chrollera vulgaris. However, Chrollera vulgaris IFR-111 strain positively influenced physiological parameters, improved hemopoiesis and increased the total protein level in blood serum. In experimental Groups 2 and 4 significantly decrease of the level of total cholesterol compared to controls was registered (P<0.05). The weight of hearts in juvenile rabbits was on 10.71% (P<0.05), kidney on 1.03% (P>0.05) lower and liver weight on 3.31% (P<0.05) higher compared to controls. In young rabbits (Group 2) total amount of enterobacteria and Lactobacillus spp. strain in the caecal content significantly decreased compared to controls in Group 1 (P>0.05). The juvenile rabbits in Group 2 had significantly lower axis of vitreous body length anterior chamber depth in front and the thickness of crystalline lens (P<0.05) compared to controls. In Group 2, histological structure of liver and kidney were not affected by Chlorella vulgaris.


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