TITLE

HealthKick: a nutrition and physical activity intervention for primary schools in low-income settings

AUTHOR(S)
Draper, Catherine E.; de Villiers, Anniza; Lambert, Estelle V.; Fourie, Jean; Hill, Jillian; Dalais, Lucinda; Abrahams, Zulfa; Steyn, Nelia P.
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p398
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: The burden of non-communicable diseases, including type 2 diabetes, is growing in South Africa. This country has a complex mix of over- and under-nutrition, especially in low-income communities, and concerning levels of physical inactivity in children and youth. This paper describes HealthKick, a school-based nutrition and physical activity intervention in primary schools in these settings aimed at reducing diabetes risk factors. Methods/Design: This study includes schools within historically disadvantaged, low-income communities from an urban area close to the city of Cape Town and from two rural areas outside of Cape Town, South Africa. The three Educational Districts involved are Metropole North, Cape Winelands and the Overberg. The study has three phases: intervention mapping and formative assessment, intervention development, and outcome and process evaluation. Sixteen schools were purposively selected to participate in the study and randomly allocated as intervention (eight schools) and control (eight schools). The primary aims of HealthKick are to promote healthful eating habits and increase regular participation in healthenhancing physical activity in children, parents and teachers, to prevent overweight, and reduce risk of chronic diseases (particularly type 2 diabetes); as well as to promote the development of an environment within the school and community that facilitates the adoption of healthy lifestyles. The components of HealthKick are: action planning, toolkit (resource guide, a resource box and physical activity resource bin), and an Educators' Manual, which includes a curriculum component. Discussion: This study continues to highlight the key role that educators play in implementing a school-based intervention, but that developing capacity within school staff and stakeholders is not a simple or easy task. In spite of the challenges experienced thus far, valuable findings are being produced from this study, especially from Phase 1. Materials developed could be disseminated to other schools in low-income settings both within and outside of South Africa. Owing to the novelty of the HealthKick intervention in low-income South African primary schools, the findings of the evaluation phase have the potential to impact on policy and practice within these settings.
ACCESSION #
52840499

 

Related Articles

  • Physical activity and academic achievement across the curriculum (A + PAAC): rationale and design of a 3-year, cluster-randomized trial. Donnelly, Joseph E.; Greene, Jerry L.; Gibson, Cheryl A.; Sullivan, Debra K.; Hansen, David M.; Hillman, Charles H.; Poggio, John; Mayo, Matthew S.; Smith, Bryan K.; Lambourne, Kate; Herrmann, Stephen D.; Scudder, Mark; Betts, Jessica L.; Honas, Jeffery J.; Washburn, Richard A. // BMC Public Health;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Improving academic achievement and reducing the rates of obesity in elementary school students are both of considerable interest. Increased physical activity during academic instruction time during school offers a potential intervention to address both issues. A program titled...

  • Your Fitness. Morris, Rachel // Scholastic Choices;Oct2012, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p18 

    The article offers information on then different physical fitness style of children, particularly students.

  • Physical Activity Levels of Senior Secondary School Students in Ibadan, Western Nigeria. Odunaiya, N. A.; Ayodele, O. A.; Oguntibeju, O. O. // West Indian Medical Journal;Oct2010, Vol. 59 Issue 5, p529 

    Background: Inactivity and low levels of physical activity are predisposing factors to many chronic diseases such as heart disease which are showing an increase in prevalence in Sub-Saharan Africa generally and Nigeria in particular. Physical activity levels have been found to be decreasing...

  • Fit for a prescription.  // Active Living;Sep2011, Vol. 20 Issue 5, p21 

    The article reports on the result of the study conducted by a research team from Columbia University, which revealed that active and healthy medical students are more likely to prescribe physical activity in their future practices.

  • CHANGES IN WOMEN'S PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OVER THEIR FRESHMAN YEAR OF COLLEGE. Randall, Nichole B.; Han, Jennifer L.; Dinger, Mary K.; Heesch, Kristiann C.; Fields, David A.; Knehans, Allen W. // American Journal of Health Studies;2007, Vol. 22 Issue 1, p42 

    The purpose of this study was to examine changes in physical activity among women during their freshman year of college. Freshman women (n = 137; age: 18.2 (SD = 0.4) years; 85% Caucasian) completed the International Physical Activity Questionnaire at the beginning and end of the academic year....

  • Perfil de morbidade referida e padrão de acesso a serviços de saúde por idosos praticantes de atividade física. Virtuoso, Janeisa Franck; Mazo, Giovana Zarpellon; Menezes, Enaiane Cristina; Cardoso, Adilson Sant'Ana; Dias, Roges Ghidini; Balbé, Giovane Pereira // Revista Ciência & Saúde Coletiva;2012, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p23 

    The morbidity profile and access to health services of 132 women and 33 men, with average age of 69.1±6 years all practitioners of physical activities was analyzed. A questionnaire for the socio-demographic profile, physical activity involved, self-referred morbidity and access to health...

  • BIO-PSYCHO-SOCIO-ENVIRONMENTÁLNÍ KORELÁTY ZDRAVOTNÄš PROSPĚŠNÉ POHYBOVÉ AKTIVITY DOSPÄšLÝCH OBYVATEL OSTRAVSKÉHO REGIONU S VYUŽITÍM FORMÁLNÍ KONCEPTUÁLNÍ ANALÝZY Fojtík, Igor; Sigmund, Erik; Mičan, Oldřich; Sigmundová, Dagmar // Physical Culture / Telesna Kultura;2011, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p22 

    BACKGROUND: Optimal physical activity (PA) is next to balanced healthy diet and medical care one of the key determinants of prevention of overweight and obesity. Although the Czech Republic is still considered "walkable" society, the increase of obesity initiated the search for bio-psycho-social...

  • A Stronger Role for Fitness in Health Care Is ACE's Goal. MEILING, BRITTANY // San Diego Business Journal;7/6/2015, Vol. 36 Issue 27, p9 

    The article offers a look at how American Council on Exercise, a San Diego, California-based nonprofit fitness certification, education and training provider, plans on merging fitness with traditional health. Topics covered include the costs of obesity epidemic in the U.S. according to the...

  • The effect of exercise on prescription on physical activity and wellbeing in a multi-ethnic female population: A controlled trial. Gademan, Maaike G. J.; Deutekom, Marije; Hosper, Karen; Stronks, Karien // BMC Public Health;2012, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p758 

    Background: In Western countries, individuals from multi-ethnic disadvantaged populations are less physically active than the Western population as a whole. This lack of physical activity (PA) may be one of the factors explaining disparities in health. Exercise on Prescription" (EoP), is an...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics