Is the Scottish population living dangerously? Prevalence of multiple risk factors: the Scottish Health Survey 2003

Lawder, Richard; Harding, Oliver; Stockton, Diane; Fischbacher, Colin; Brewster, David H; Chalmers, Jim; Finlayson, Alan; Conway, David I
January 2010
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p330
Academic Journal
Background: Risk factors are often considered individually, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of combinations of multiple behavioural risk factors and their association with socioeconomic determinants. Methods: Multinomial logistic regression was used to model the associations between socioeconomic factors and multiple risk factors from data in the Scottish Health Survey 2003. Prevalence of five key risk - smoking, alcohol, diet, overweight/obesity, and physical inactivity, and their risk in relation to demographic, individual and area socioeconomic factors were assessed. Results: Full data were available on 6,574 subjects (80.7% of the survey sample). Nearly the whole adult population (97.5%) reported to have at least one behavioural risk factor; while 55% have three or more risk factors; and nearly 20% have four or all five risk factors. The most important determinants for having four or five multiple risk factors were low educational attainment which conferred over a 3-fold increased risk compared to high education; and residence in the most deprived communities (relative to least deprived) which had greater than 3-fold increased risk. Conclusions: The prevalence of multiple behavioural risk factors was high and the prevalence of absence of all risk factors very low. These behavioural patterns were strongly associated with poorer socioeconomic circumstances. Policy to address factors needs to be joined up and better consider underlying socioeconomic circumstances.


Related Articles

  • Large Differences in Publicly Visible Health Behaviours across Two Neighbourhoods of the Same City. Nettle, Daniel // PLoS ONE;2011, Vol. 6 Issue 6, p1 

    Background: There are socioeconomic disparities in the likelihood of adopting unhealthy behaviours, and success at giving them up. This may be in part because people living in deprived areas are exposed to greater rates of unhealthy behaviour amongst those living around them. Conventional...

  • Public services organizations need to step up risk management efforts.  // InsideCounsel;Dec2013, Vol. 24 Issue 264, p10 

    The article discusses the report "2013 Global Risk Management Study" from the consultancy firm Accenture, which indicated that the risk factors of slow economic growth, rising unemployment and aging population are forcing public service organizations to step up their risk management efforts.

  • THE AUTHORS REPLY. Geronimus, Arline T.; Bound, John // American Journal of Epidemiology;Oct1999, Vol. 150 Issue 8, p894 

    A response from the authors of the article "Use of census-based aggregate variables to proxy for socioeconomic group: evidence from national samples" in the previous issue is presented.

  • Intermediation of behavioural and biological risk factors in relation between educational level and mortality among middle-aged Kaunas population. Rėklaitienė, Regina; Bacevičienė, Miglė; Tamošiūnas, Abdonas; Virvičiūtė, Dalia // Acta Medica Lituanica;2009, Vol. 16 Issue 1/2, p58 

    Background. Educational differences have been assessed as explanations for health behaviour and all-cause and CVD mortality. In Lithuania, in the years 2000-2007, mortality increased from 1406 to 1620 deaths / 100000 / year for men and from 654 to 744 deaths / 100000 / year for women (1). Health...

  • 'HUMAN NATURE NEEDS TO BE ADDRESSED'.  // Supply Management;Nov2013, Vol. 18 Issue 11, p8 

    The article reports that risk management expert Paul Moore discussed the importance of considering human nature, along with focusing on processes and governance, for risk management at the Chartered Institute of Purchasing & SUpply (CIPS) Annual Conference in London, ENgland.

  • RISK TYPOLOGY IN THE HUNGARIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY. Kovacs, Norbert; Pathy, Adam; Szabo, Daniel Robert; Toth, Peter // Journal of Business Management;2014, Issue 8, p84 

    Purpose Risk management is a decisive part of project and corporate management. The first process of risk management is to frame a risk typology which needs a uniform risk approach and terminology. We assume that economic actors detect exogenous (external) and endogenous (internal) processes and...

  • Rapid response surveys in risk management.  // Medical Marketing & Media;Jun2002, Vol. 37 Issue 6, p28 

    Focuses on the proposal of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) the use of rapid response surveys as a risk management tool. Details of the proposal; Benefits for public health; Impact of the surveys on product safety.

  • Cultural, cognition and human action. Gifford, Adam // Journal of Socio-Economics;Jan2009, Vol. 38 Issue 1, p13 

    Abstract: To understand culture and cultural evolution we must abandon the atomized and anonymous social environment of neoclassical economics. Culture is a product and a cause of the socialized nature of human action. Examination of the phylogenetic and ontogenetic neural mechanisms that make...

  • The economics of possible selves. Teraji, Shinji // Journal of Socio-Economics;Jan2009, Vol. 38 Issue 1, p45 

    Abstract: This article proposes an economic model of how intentional self-change occurs. People have an array of possible selves. The self-system is multifaceted and dynamic, with different self-representations activated at different times. Comparison between the actual self and the ideal self...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics