Burnout, working conditions and gender - results from the northern Sweden MONICA Study

Norlund, Sofia; Reuterwall, Christina; Höög, Jonas; Lindahl, Bernt; Janlert, Urban; Birgander, Lisbeth Slunga
January 2010
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10, p326
Academic Journal
Background: Sick-leave because of mental and behavioural disorders has increased considerably in Sweden since the late nineties, and especially in women. The aim of this study was to assess the level of burnout in the general working population in northern Sweden and analyse it's relation to working conditions and gender. Methods: In this cross-sectional study the survey from the MONICA-study (Monitoring of Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease) in northern Sweden 2004 was used. A burnout instrument, the Shirom Melamed Burnout Questionnaire (SMBQ), was incorporated in the original survey which was sent to a random sample of 2500 individuals with a response rate of 76%. After including only actively working people, aged 25-64 years, our study population consisted of 1000 participants (497 women and 503 men). ANOVA and multiple linear regression models were used. Results: The prevalence of a high level of burnout (SMBQ >4.0) was 13%. Women had a higher level of burnout than men with the most pronounced difference in the age group 35-44 years. In both sexes the level of burnout decreased with age. Demand and control at work, and job insecurity were related to burnout. In women the level of education, socioeconomic position, work object, and working varying hours were of importance. Interaction effects were found between sex and work object, and sex and working hours. In a multiple regression analysis almost half of the gender difference could be explained by work related and life situational factors. Conclusions: Working life conditions contributed to the level of burnout in this actively working sample from the general population in northern Sweden. Especially in women, socioeconomic position was associated with burnout. The high level of burnout in women compared to men was partly explained by more unfavourable working conditions and life situational factors. Efforts to level out gender differences in burnout should probably focus on improving both working and socioeconomic conditions for women.


Related Articles

  • A RESEARCH ON ACADEMICS ON LIFE SATISFACTION, JOB SATISFACTION AND PROFESSIONAL BURNOUT. ARSLAN, Ramazan; ACAR, Başak Nur // Suleyman Demirel University Journal of Faculty of Economics & Ad;2013, Vol. 18 Issue 3, p282 

    A person spends significant part of his life at work. Therefore, satisfaction at work highly affects overall life of a person. The satisfaction of a person from job and its positive effect on personal life appears positively on physical as well as mental health of a person and shows itself up as...

  • Developing and Testing a Model of Burnout at Work and Turnover Intensions among Doctors in Pakistan. Malik, Muhammad Imran; Zaheer, Arshad; Khan, M. Aslam; Ahmed, Mehboob // International Journal of Business & Management;Oct2010, Vol. 5 Issue 10, p234 

    This paper examines the impact of burnout at work (BO), work life balance (WLB), work life conflict (WLC) and job satisfaction (JS) on turnover intensions (TOT) among doctors in Pakistan. The research team developed a conceptual model to test the hypothesized relationships between the variables....

  • Staff happiness and work satisfaction in a tertiary psychiatric centre. Baruch, Y.; Swartz, M.; Sirkis, S.; Mirecki, I.; Barak, Y. // Occupational Medicine;Sep2013, Vol. 63 Issue 6, p442 

    Background Mental health professionals are at a high risk of burnout. Positive psychology outcomes of staff in acute in-patient psychiatric wards are poorly researched and unclear. Aims To quantify the satisfaction with life and work-life satisfaction of mental health staff at a large...

  • Job satisfaction: Is there a law against it? Gome, Amanda // BRW;7/31/95, Vol. 17 Issue 29, p92 

    Reports that Australian men and women rate values, communication and staff relationships ahead of salaries in determining job satisfaction. Australian lawyers' dissatisfaction with their jobs and corporate environment; Female principals' ability to achieve an ambition; Women's concern with...

  • Gender, influence tactics, and job characteristics preferences: New insights into salary... Thacker, Rebecca A. // Sex Roles;May95, Vol. 32 Issue 9/10, p617 

    Investigates whether gender retains its significance as a predictor of salary, after controlling the well-documented influences of human capital accumulation and job level, and the less well-researched effects of both influence tactics and job characteristic preferences. Necessity of including...

  • Women R.Ph.s happier campers, Schering says. Snyder, Karyn // Drug Topics;6/26/95, Vol. 139 Issue 12, p20 

    Reports on a Schering Report focused on satisfaction of pharmacists with their profession. Female pharmacists' greater satisfaction over their male counterparts; Perception of women's positive effect on the profession; Forecast in changes in the current male dominance in the profession.

  • Gender differences affect inflammation, CV repair.  // Endocrine Today;Dec2013, Vol. 11 Issue 12, p28 

    The article reports that according to Doris A. Taylor of the Texas Heart Institute, gender also plays a role in inflammation, aging and hormonal changes, and there is a need to understand cardiovascular disease to prevent them among women.

  • GENDER DIFFERENCES ARE SIGNIFICANT in CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE. Beck, Susan D.; Sanders, Deb // Today's Geriatric Medicine;Sep/Oct2015, Vol. 8 Issue 5, p22 

    The article examines gender-specific aspects of cardiovascular disease (CVD), with topics including the need to educate women about the symptoms of heart disease to improve their mortality rates, diagnosing coronary heart disease, and women's prognosis with CVD.

  • Age- and sex-specific differences in blood-borne microvesicles from apparently healthy humans. Gustafson, Callie M.; Shepherd, Alex J.; Miller, Virginia M.; Jayachandran, Muthuvel // Biology of Sex Differences;9/5/2015, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Sex differences in incidence of cardiovascular disease may reflect age-associated intravascular cellular activation resulting in shedding of cell membrane-derived bioactive microvesicles (MV or microparticles) into the blood. Concentrations of cell-specific MV in blood have the...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics