TITLE

Maternal age, education level and migration: Socioeconomic determinants for smoking during pregnancy in a field study from Turkey

AUTHOR(S)
Ergin, Isil; Hassoy, Hur; Tanik, Feride A.; Aslan, Gokce
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p325
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Smoking during pregnancy has been associated with socioeconomic determinants and it is recognized as the most important preventable risk factor for an unsuccessful pregnancy outcome. Turkey has national data on the prevalance of smoking during pregnancy; however there is no data on the characteristics of the high-risk population. This is a field study that aims to identify socioeconomic determinants for smoking during pregnancy as well as differentiating the daily and occasional smokers. Method: Cross sectional study was conducted among women with 0-5 year old children living in the area served by Primary Health Care Center (PHCC) in Burhaniye, Turkey. Face-to-face interviews were conducted by the researchers during January-March 2008 at the home of the participants with 83.7% response rate (n = 256). The relation of "smoking during pregnacy" and "daily smoking during pregnancy" with the independent variables was determined with ?2 tests. Women's age, educational level, number of previous births, place of origin, migration, partner's educational level, poverty, perceived income, social class were evaluated. Statistical significance was achieved when the p value was less than 0.05. The variables in relation with the dependent variables in the ?2 tests were included in the forward-stepwise logistic analysis. Results: Prevalance of smoking during pregnancy was 22.7%. The majority (74.1%) were daily smokers. Young mothers (< 20), low educated women and migrants were at increased risk for smoking during pregnancy. Low education and being a migrant were risk factors for daily consumption (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Systematic attention should be paid to socioeconomic determinants in smoking for pregnant women, especially in countries like Turkey with high rates of infant and mother mortality and substantial health inequalities. Young mothers (< 20), low educated women and migrants are important groups to focus on.
ACCESSION #
52839517

 

Related Articles

  • FERTILITY, UNION STATUS AND PARTNERS. Ebanks, G. Edward // International Journal of Sociology of the Family;Mar73, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p48 

    The article examines the relationship between fertility and union status and between fertility and the number of partners for whom conception occurs. This article adds a new dimension by examining the relationship between the number of fathers or the number of men for whom a woman conceives and...

  • Fieldwork Experiences in East Africa (Ethnomusicology). Teffera, Timkehet // IASA Journal;Jul2006, Issue 27, p32 

    The article reports on the ethno-musicological fieldwork in East Africa, which was presented at the International Association of Sound and Audiovisual Archives (IASA) 2005 conference in Barcelona, Spain. It discusses on a wide ranging research of aerophones among the societies of East Africa...

  • Philanderers, Cuckolds, and Wily Women: Reexamining Gender Relations in a Brazilian Working-Class Neighborhood. Fonseca, Claudia // Changing Men & Masculinities in Latin America;2003, p61 

    The article relates on the author's experience during a field research in Villa Sã0 João, a neighborhood in downtown Porto Alegre in Brazil. Her research tackled on philanderers, cuckolds and willy women and gender relations in the place. The author says that in the neighborhood, male and...

  • MEN'S SENSE OF HUMOR AND WOMEN'S RESPONSES TO COURTSHIP SOLICITATIONS: AN EXPERIMENTAL FIELD STUDY. Guéguen, Nicolas // Psychological Reports;Aug2010, Vol. 107 Issue 1, p145 

    Producing humor might function as a fitness indicator associated with greater desirability during dating selection. A male confederate in a bar was instructed to tell (or not tell) funny jokes to two other male confederates. A few minutes later, when the second of two male confederates left, the...

  • Fetish Mothers. Dobbs, Jennifer Kwon // Journal of the Motherhood Initiative for Research & Community In;Fall/Winter2011, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p265 

    An essay is presented which presents a story of a Korean mother and her child. It explores the business of childbearing and the separation of a mother and her child because of poverty. It highlights the reality of unmarried women who engaged themselves in sexual relationships with men strangers...

  • Mujeres expatriadas en México: trabajo, hogar y vida cotidiana. Guitart, Anna Ortiz; Mendoza, Cristóbal // Migraciones Internacionales;jul-dic2007, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p5 

    The article presents the results of a study conducted on female Spanish expatriates in Mexico City. From a gender perspective, the article analyzes the labor experiences, as well as the everyday activities and geographical perceptions, of a group of highly-skilled professional women who...

  • Jefaturas de hogar. Loza Torres, Mariela; Vizcarra Bordi, Ivonne; Lutz Bachère, Bruno; Quintanar Guardarrama, Eduardo // Migraciones Internacionales;jul-dic2007, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p33 

    The study of Mexican migration to the United States of America is a key issue in feminist research. This study analyzes changes in social relationships and gender as a result of the migration of heads of household. It is assumed that in the event of their husband's king-term absence, the women...

  • Gender and Migration. Hondagneu-Sotelo, Pierrette; Cranford, Cynthia // Handbook of the Sociology of Gender;1999, p105 

    This chapter uses key insights from research on women and migration to conceptualize gender as historically situated and socially constructed, contextual power relations between women and men. The authors contrast different approaches to the topic, juxtaposing sex role theory with a...

  • "Gitmek mi Zor Kalmak mı?": Avrupa'ya Erkek Göçü ve Geride Kalan Kadının Gözünden Göç Deneyimi. Kalaycioğlu, Sibel; Çelık, Kezban; Beşpinar, Fatma Umut // Journal of Faculty of Letters / Edebiyat Fakultesi Dergisi;jun2010, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p123 

    This study examines new forms of international migration and the strategies developed by "single" male migrants, by taking into account the effects of these strategies on other family members who are left behind, especially the wives. The main objective is to understand the experiences and...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics