TITLE

The 5HTTLPR polymorphism of the serotonin transporter gene and short term behavioral response to methylphenidate in children with ADHD

AUTHOR(S)
Thakur, Geeta A.; Grizenko, Natalie; Sengupta, Sarojini M.; Schmitz, Norbert; Joober, Ridha
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
BMC Psychiatry;2010, Vol. 10, p50
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Animal models of ADHD suggest that the paradoxical calming effect of methylphenidate on motor activity could be mediated through its action on serotonin transmission. In this study, we have investigated the relationship between the 5-HTTLPR polymorphism in the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) and the response of ADHD relevant behaviors with methylphenidate treatment. Methods: Patients between ages 6-12 (n = 157) were assessed with regard to their behavioral response to methylphenidate (0.5 mg/kg/day) using a 2-week prospective within-subject, placebo-controlled (crossover) trial. The children were then genotyped with regard to the triallelic 5-HTTLPR polymorphism in the SLC6A4 gene. Main outcome measure: Conners' Global Index for parents (CGI-Parents) and teachers (CGI-Teachers) at baseline and at the end of each week of treatment with placebo and methylphenidate. For both outcome measurements, we used a mixed model analysis of variance to determine gene, treatment and gene × treatment interaction effects. Results: Mixed model analysis of variance revealed a gene × treatment interaction for CGI-Parents but not for CGITeachers. Children homozygous for the lower expressing alleles (s+lG = s') responded well to placebo and did not derive additional improvement with methylphenidate compared to children carrying a higher expressing allele (lA). No genotype main effects on either CGI-Parents or CGI-teachers were observed. Conclusions: A double blind placebo-controlled design was used to assess the behavioral effects of methylphenidate in relation to the triallelic 5-HTTLPR polymorphism of the SLC6A4 gene in children with ADHD. This polymorphism appears to modulate the behavioral response to methylphenidate in children with ADHD as assessed in the home environment by parents. Further investigation is needed to assess the clinical implications of this finding. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00483106
ACCESSION #
52838998

 

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