Part I: characterization of the extracellular proteome of the extreme thermophile Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus by GeLC-MS2

Muddiman, David; Andrews, Genna; Lewis, Derrick; Notey, Jaspreet; Kelly, Robert
September 2010
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Sep2010, Vol. 398 Issue 1, p377
Academic Journal
The proteome of extremely thermophilic microorganisms affords a glimpse into the dynamics of microbial ecology of high temperature environments. The secretome, or extracellular proteome of these microorganisms, no doubt harbors technologically important enzymes and other thermostable biomolecules that, to date, have been characterized only to a limited extent. In the first of a two-part study on selected thermophiles, defining the secretome requires a sample preparation method that has no negative impact on all downstream experiments. Following efficient secretome purification, GeLC-MS2 analysis and prediction servers suggested probable protein secretion to complement experimental data. In an effort to define the extracellular proteome of the extreme thermophilic bacterium Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus, several techniques were considered regarding sample processing to achieve the most in-depth analysis of secreted proteins. Order of operation experiments, all including the C18 bead technique, demonstrated that two levels of sample purification were necessary to effectively desalt the sample and provide sufficient protein identifications. Five sample preparation combinations yielded 71 proteins and the majority described, as enzymatic and putative uncharacterized proteins, anticipate consolidated bioprocessing applications. Nineteen proteins were predicted by Phobius, SignalP, SecretomeP, or TatP for extracellular secretion, and 11 contained transmembrane domain stretches suggested by Phobius and transmembrane hidden Markov model. The sample preparation technique demonstrating the most effective outcome for C. saccharolyticus secreted proteins in this study, involved acetone precipitation followed by the C18 bead method in which 2.4% (63 proteins) of the predicted proteome was identified, including proteins suggested to have secretion and transmembrane moieties. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]


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