TITLE

Atrial Resection for Lung Cancer: Morbidity, Mortality, and Long-Term Follow-up

AUTHOR(S)
Kuehnl, Andreas; Lindner, Michael; Hornung, Hans-Martin; Winter, Hauke; Jauch, Karl-Walter; Hatz, Rudolf A.; Graeb, Christian
PUB. DATE
September 2010
SOURCE
World Journal of Surgery;Sep2010, Vol. 34 Issue 9, p2233
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study was to examine our results of combined resection of the atrium and non-small-cell lung cancer using a concurrent and continuously updated database. A total of 35 patients underwent extended pulmonary resection with partial resection of the atrium. The main focus of the study was to define subgroups of patients who can potentially benefit from surgery. Pneumonectomy was performed in 31 cases, and the other 4 patients underwent a lesser resection. Postoperative morbidity was 20%, and the mortality rate was 9%. The median intensive care unit stay was 2 days and the hospital stay 13 days. The survival rates were 80% at 1 year, 21% at 3 years, and 16% at 5 years. The median survival of patients with low-grade tumors (G1/2) was 27 months, contrasted by only 15 months’ survival for patients with high-grade tumors ( P = 0.026). Multivariate analysis indicated that completeness of resection had a significant impact on survival ( P = 0.042). Combined resection of lung and atrium is a complex surgical procedure, but it can be performed with fair morbidity and mortality rates, even in patients with an increased number of preoperative risk factors. Patients suffering from low-grade tumors benefit significantly from radical surgery. Future studies must define whether a multimodal therapeutic approach that includes induction therapy can prolong patient survival.
ACCESSION #
52760351

 

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