Biomedical waste management: Incineration vs. environmental safety

Gautam, V.; Thapar, R.; Sharma, M.
July 2010
Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology;Jul2010, Vol. 28 Issue 3, p191
Academic Journal
Public concerns about incinerator emissions, as well as the creation of federal regulations for medical waste incinerators, are causing many health care facilities to rethink their choices in medical waste treatment. As stated by Health Care Without Harm, non-incineration treatment technologies are a growing and developing field. Most medical waste is incinerated, a practice that is short-lived because of environmental considerations. The burning of solid and regulated medical waste generated by health care creates many problems. Medical waste incinerators emit toxic air pollutants and toxic ash residues that are the major source of dioxins in the environment. International Agency for Research on Cancer, an arm of WHO, acknowledged dioxins cancer causing potential and classified it as human carcinogen. Development of waste management policies, careful waste segregation and training programs, as well as attention to materials purchased, are essential in minimizing the environmental and health impacts of any technology.


Related Articles

  • Characterization of polychlorinated naphthalenes in stack gas emissions from waste incinerators. Hu, Jicheng; Zheng, Minghui; Liu, Wenbin; Li, Changliang; Nie, Zhiqiang; Liu, Guorui; Zhang, Bing; Xiao, Ke; Gao, Lirong // Environmental Science & Pollution Research;May2013, Vol. 20 Issue 5, p2905 

    Nine typical waste incinerating plants were investigated for polychlorinated naphthalene (PCN) contents in their stack gas. The incinerators investigated include those used to incinerate municipal solid, aviation, medical, and hazardous wastes including those encountered in cement kilns. PCNs...

  • Bio-medical waste management: situational analysis & predictors of performances in 25 districts across 20 Indian States.  // Indian Journal of Medical Research;Jan2014, Vol. 139 Issue 1, p141 

    Background & objectives: A legislative framework for bio-medical waste management (BMWM) was established in the country more than a decade ago. Though some studies have identified gaps at local levels, no systematic effort was done to collect data from different parts of the country. The...

  • Dioxin emissions from a municipal solid waste incinerator and risk of invasive breast cancer: a population-based case-control study with GIS-derived exposure. Viel, Jean-François; Clément, Marie-Caroline; Hägi, Mathieu; Grandjean, Sébastien; Challier, Bruno; Danzon, Arlette // International Journal of Health Geographics;2008, Vol. 7, Special section p1 

    Background: To date, few epidemiologic studies have examined the relationship between environmental PCDD/F exposure and breast cancer in human populations. Dioxin emissions from municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWIs) are one of the major sources of environmental dioxins and are therefore an...

  • Formation of Dioxins from Incineration of Fallen Leaf. Katami, T.; Yasuhara, A.; Shibamoto, T. // Bulletin of Environmental Contamination & Toxicology;Jan2004, Vol. 72 Issue 1, p114 

    The article presents a study on the formation of dioxins from incineration of fallen leaf. In order to elucidate the details of dioxin formation in a combustion, fallen leaves of the cherry tree and the Konara oak tree were combusted in a small-scale incinerator under well-controlled conditions...

  • Waste into watts. Azapagic, Adisa // TCE: The Chemical Engineer;Jul2007, Issue 793, p36 

    The article examines the appropriate method in converting municipal solid waste (MSW) into energy. Large-scale incineration and small-scale pyrolysis combined with gasification, are the two technological options for energy recovery from MSW. Large-scale incineration is the prevailing method for...

  • IN BRIEF.  // ENDS (Environmental Data Services);Apr2009, Issue 411, p22 

    This section offers news briefs related to environmental protection in Great Britain. According to a report from AEA, dioxin emissions from a waste incinerator during start-up and shutdown are less than ten times than those during normal operating conditions. Meanwhile, a financial closure was...

  • EPA rules set to target waste incinerators. C. J. G. // AHA News;2/13/95, Vol. 31 Issue 7, p3 

    Reports that the United States Environmental Protection Agency is set to publish proposed rules designed to stem emissions of dioxin and other potentially cancer-causing air pollutants from medical waste incinerators. Overview of the proposals for legislation.

  • MANAGEMENT OF DENTAL RADIOGRAPHIC WASTE: A REVIEW. KONERU, Jyothirmai; MAHAJAN, Neha; MAHALAKSHMI, Mallika // International Journal of Medical Dentistry;Jul-Sep2014, Vol. 18 Issue 3, p206 

    In most cases, radiographies are used by dentists for the diagnosis and/or treatment of patients, so that they may be considered as a third eye for the dentist. Unfortu-nately, the radiographic procedures generate certain sub-stances with potential challenge to the environment. Although...

  • Proposed Model for Healthcare Waste Management. Ullah, Junaid Habib; Khan, M. Amanullah // Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences;Jul2011, Vol. 27 Issue 4, p901 

    The objective of this manuscript is to propose a Healthcare Waste Management (HWM) model for the safe disposal of healthcare waste which should be comprehensive, environment friendly and in an integrated form. This descriptive analytical study was done and based upon the factors associated with...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics