TITLE

One Fish, Two Fish: Suggestions for the Treatment of Hatchery Fish under the Endangered Species Act

AUTHOR(S)
Lum, Katy
PUB. DATE
May 2010
SOURCE
Ecology Law Quarterly;2010, Vol. 37 Issue 2, p561
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Although conservation groups and fishing industries alike have relied on salmon hatcheries to slow the dramatic decline in salmon and steelhead species since the nineteenth century, the proper place of hatchery-raised salmon under the Endangered Species Act remains uncertain. When the hatchery and wild fish intermix, genetic and behavioral differences between the two groups can harm wild fish populations, the precise group the Endangered Species Act is intended to protect. In 2009, the Ninth Circuit upheld a hatchery listing policy that groups hatchery and wild fish and allows an abundance of hatchery fish to effectively prevent wild populations from receiving needed Endangered Species Act protection. Because of ample scientific evidence indicating that hatchery and wild fish should be placed in separate Conservation Units, changing the way that current classification policies are applied to salmon and steelhead species would allow the National Marine Fisheries Service and the Fish and Wildlife Service to formulate a hatchery listing policy that is more closely in line with the goals of the Endangered Species Act.
ACCESSION #
52547440

 

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