Ghanizadeh, Gh.; Ehrampoush, M. H.; Ghaneian, M. T.
May 2010
Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering (I;2010, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p145
Academic Journal
The presence of arsenic in drinking water is one of the greatest threats to public health. The aim of this experimental investigation was to study the removal efficiency of As(v) from water by application of iron-impregnated activated carbon(Fe-AC). Coating of activated carbon with iron salt was carried out by impregnation method and thermo-chemical reactions with using of 100 mM FeCl3 solution. The Fe-AC was pulverized using ASTM standard sieves with the range of 16-20 mesh. The solid structure and surface characteristics of Fe-AC were determined using conventional techniques. Batch adsorption experiments were carried out with 300 and 600μg/L arsenate. Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich models were used to describe the isotherm and energy of adsorption. The results of this study showed that 2.5 h contact time was enough to achieve the equilibrium. The adsorption of As(v) had a good compliance with Langmuir model (R2 = 0.995 ) and the maximum adsorption capacity was obtained as 0.024 mg/g. The results of kinetic studies showed that As(v) adsorption on Fe-AC may be limited by film diffusion step (m=0.26). The mean free energy of adsorption (E) calculated from Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm was found to be 1.52 kj/mol which implies that the adsorption of As(v) on Fe-AC is a physical adsorption. The results indicated that Fe-AC is one of the suitable adsorbents which can be used for the treatment of arsenic contaminated waters.


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