River buffalo facing planned global genetic drift pakistani Nili-Ravi buffalo -- an example

Ali, Ahmad
April 2010
Revista Veterinaria;2010, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p423
Academic Journal
River buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is economically important species, especially in eastern, southern American and Mediterranean countries. Total world buffalo population is reported to be 161 millions of which 95 + 28 millions are inhabited in India and Pakistan alone (FAO, 2007-08). World buffalo population is growing in contrast to other domestic bovids and recorded a 2% growth per year with highest increase in Italy (8% per year in last 20 years). This highlights the importance of buffalo in the world dairy set up and its expected role in world future dairying. However, the genetic potentials of buffalo for milk and meat production, all over the world, are well below cattle especially when compared to Bos Taurus. Sporadic Programs on genetic improvement of buffalo are in progress around the world however, due to extensive genetic diversity of world buffalo population, the results are slow yielding and an international network on Buffalo genetics needs to be initiated as has been done on cattle especially Friesians. Like cattle genome project, that has recently been completed by a consortium of 300 scientists from 25 different countries. Similar effort needs to be launched in collaboration with countries having major share of buffalo population and scientific development such as India, Pakistan, China, Italy, Brazil, Iran, Egypt and Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippine and Vietnam. Similarly complete relationship/homologies of buffalo karyotype with other members of family bovidae have also been established and available in (ISCNDB, 2001). Moving further presently a total of 388 loci has been mapped in this important species by FISH studies. Some sporadic studies on buffalo Cytogenetics have also been reported in India, Pakistan. A bulk of cytogenetic, molecular cytogenetic and molecular genetic work is in progress at the genomic lab of the University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Lahore.


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