TITLE

Raman spectra of pure biomolecules obtained using a handheld instrument under cold high-altitude conditions

AUTHOR(S)
Jehlička, Jan; Vandenabeele, Peter; Edwards, Howell G. M.; Culka, Adam; Čapoun, Tomáš
PUB. DATE
August 2010
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Aug2010, Vol. 397 Issue 7, p2753
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A handheld Raman spectrometer (Ahura First Defender) was tested for the unambiguous identification of biomolecules (pure amino acids, carboxylic acids, saccharides and trehalose) in the solid state under outdoor conditions (including moderate climate conditions as well as cold temperatures and high altitudes). The biomolecules investigated represent important objects of interest for future exobiological missions. Repetitive measurements carried out under identical instrumental setups confirmed the excellent reliability of the Raman spectrometer. Raman bands are found at correct wavenumbers ±3 cm−1 compared with reference values. This testing represents the first step in a series of studies. In a preliminary, challenging investigation to determine the detection limit for glycine dispersed in a powdered gypsum matrix, 10% was the lowest content confirmed unambiguously. Clearly there is a need to investigate further the detection limits of Raman spectroscopic analyses of biomolecules in more complex samples, to demonstrate the usefulness or disqualify the use of this technique for more realistic outdoor situations, such as eventual future missions to Mars. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
ACCESSION #
52299516

 

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