Graphene strain tuning by control of the substrate surface chemistry

Bruna, M.; Vaira, A.; Battiato, A.; Vittone, E.; Borini, S.
July 2010
Applied Physics Letters;7/12/2010, Vol. 97 Issue 2, p021911
Academic Journal
We show that the Raman spectrum of graphene is sensitive to the surface chemistry of the substrate where the atomic plane is deposited. Two types of functionalized SiO2 surface are experimentally compared: OH-terminated and NH2-terminated. In the case of NH2-terminated surface, the graphene Raman bands are significantly redshifted with respect to the peaks observed on the hydroxylated surface. The observed phonon softening can be ascribed to a biaxial strain induced into graphene by its interaction with the substrate. Therefore, the control of the substrate surface chemistry may be envisaged as a route to graphene strain engineering.


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