TITLE

Profile of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Among Nursing Home Residents in Hawai'i

AUTHOR(S)
Fenfang Li; Arnsberger, Pamela; Miller, F. DeWolfe
PUB. DATE
May 2010
SOURCE
Hawaii Medical Journal;May2010, Vol. 69 Issue 5, p126
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Residing in long-term care facilities has long been identified as a risk factor for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) carriage and infection. The objective of this study was to describe MRSA epidemiology among residents in skilled nursing and intermediate care facilities (SNF/ICF) in Hawaii, using a statewide, population-based antimicrobial resistance surveillance system. From 2000 to 2005, proportions of MRSA increased significantly during the 6-year study period, from 35.0% in 2000 to 58.6% in 2005 (p<0.001). High levels of MRSA resistance to several commonly used antibiotics were observed, e.g., the level of MRSA resistance to clindamycin, ciprofloxacin, and erythromycin was at 77%, 90%, and 89% respectively. Nevertheless, there is a significant difference in the MRSA resistance pattern against certain antimicrobials in different geographic areas. For example, the level of MRSA resistance to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole was close to zero in Hawai'i County, but 13% in Kaua'i County. In contrast, the MRSA resistance to tetracycline was 46% in Hawai'i County, but 5% in Kaua'i County. Multi-drug resistant MRSA was well-established among nursing homes in Hawai'i. Regional antibiograms are important in the assistance of empirical therapy.
ACCESSION #
52240994

 

Related Articles

  • Synergistic effects of oxyresveratrol in conjunction with antibiotics against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. DAE-KI JOUNG; SUNG-HOON CHOI; OK-HWA KANG; SUNG-BAE KIM; SU-HYUN MUN; YUN-SOO SEO; DA-HYE KANG; RYONG GONG; DONG-WON SHIN; YOUN-CHUL KIM; DONG-YEUL KWON // Molecular Medicine Reports;2015, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p663 

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection is a serious clinical problem worldwide. The aim of the present study was to examine the antimicrobial activity of oxyresveratrol (ORV) against MRSA. The antimicrobial activity of ORV was evaluated against three strains of MRSA and one...

  • Activity Analyses of Staphylococcal Isolates From Pediatric, Adult, and Elderly Patients: AWARE Ceftaroline Surveillance Program. Sader, Helio S.; Flamm, Robert K.; Farrell, David J.; Jones, Ronald N. // Clinical Infectious Diseases;Sep2012 Supplement 3, Vol. 55 Issue suppl_3, pS181 

    Ceftaroline, the active metabolite of the prodrug ceftaroline fosamil, is a broad-spectrum cephalosporin with bactericidal activity against resistant Gram-positive organisms, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and common Gram-negative organisms. We evaluated the...

  • Detection of various types of resistance patterns and their correlation with minimal inhibitory concentrations against clindamycin among methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates. Sireesha, P.; Setty, C. R. // Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology;Apr2012, Vol. 30 Issue 2, p165 

    Purpose: The macrolide lincosamide streptogramin B (MLSB) family of antibiotics serves as an alternative for the treatment of skin and soft tissue infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). However, resistance to clindamycin too has emerged, which is of two types,...

  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in North-east Croatia. Pastuović, Tajana; Perić, Magdalena; Bošnjak, Zinka; Ružman, Nataša; Reisz Majić, Patricia; Talapko, Jasminka; Atalić, Vlasta; Loci-Zvocak, Snježana; Vuković, Dubravka // Acta Medica Academica;May2015, Vol. 44 Issue 1, p10 

    Objective. The aim of this 5-year study was to determine the frequency and antibiotic susceptibility of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)-related infections at Osijek Clinical Hospital. Materials and methods. A total of 1987 staphylococci-infected clinical isolates were...

  • Staphylococcus aureus Keratitis: A Review of Hospital Cases. Ong, Sherine Jue; Huang, Yhu-Chering; Tan, Hsin-Yuan; Ma, David H. K.; Lin, Hsin-Chiung; Yeh, Lung-Kun; Chen, Phil Y. F.; Chen, Hung-Chi; Chuang, Chih-Chun; Chang, Chee-Jen; Hsiao, Ching-Hsi // PLoS ONE;Nov2013, Vol. 8 Issue 11, p1 

    Background: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection is an important public health issue. The study aimed to characterize the patient demographics, clinical features, antibiotic susceptibility, and clinical outcomes of keratitis caused by S. aureus, and to make a comparison...

  • Prevalence of induced clindamycin resistance in methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus from hospital population of coastal Andhara pradesh, South india.  // Archives of Clinical Microbiology;2011, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p1 

    Clindamycin (Cd) is one of the important alternative antibiotics in the therapy of Staphylococcus aureus, particularly in methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Without the double-disk test, all the Staphylococcus aureus isolates with inducible Cd would have been misclassified as Cd...

  • Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in India: Prevalence & susceptibility pattern. Joshi, Sangeeta; Ray, Pallab; Manchanda, Vikas; Bajaj, Jyoti; Chitnis, D. S.; Gautam, Vikas; Goswami, Parijath; Gupta, Varsha; Harish, B. N.; Kagal, Anju; Kapil, Arti; Rao, Ratna; Rodrigues, Camilla; Sardana, Raman; Sulochana Devi, Kh.; Sharma, Anita; Balaji, Veeragaghavan // Indian Journal of Medical Research;Feb2013, Vol. 137 Issue 2, p363 

    Background & objectives: Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is endemic in India and is a dangerous pathogen for hospital acquired infections. This study was conducted in 15 Indian tertiary care centres during a two year period from January 2008 to December 2009 to determine the...

  • Impact of efflux in the development of multidrug resistance phenotypes in Staphylococcus aureus. Costa, Sofia Santos; Viveiros, Miguel; Rosato, Adriana E.; Melo-Cristino, José; Couto, Isabel // BMC Microbiology;10/24/2015, Vol. 15, p1 

    Background: Efflux has been recognized as a resistance mechanism to antimicrobials in Staphylococcus aureus; however its role on the development of clinically relevant resistance is still poorly characterized. This study aimed to examine the impact of efflux on development of resistance to...

  • In Vitro Synergy of Biochanin A and Ciprofloxacin against Clinical Isolates of Staphylococcus aureus. Guoxing Liu; Jun-Chao Liang; Xue-Lin Wang; Zhao-Hui Li; Wei Wang; Na Guo; Xiu-Ping Wu; Feng-Ge Shen; Ming-Xun Xing; Li-Hui Liu; Lei Li; Ming-Yuan Liu; Lu Yu // Molecules;Aug2011, Vol. 16 Issue 8, p6656 

    Many clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) are resistant to numerous antimicrobials, including the fluoroquinolones (FQs). Flavonoids such as biochanin A (BCA) are compounds that are naturally present in fruits, vegetables, and plant-derived beverages. The goal of this...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics