‘Muzzas’ and ‘Old Skool Ravers’: Ethnicity, drugs and the changing face of Melbourne's dance party/club scene

Siokou, Christine; Moore, David; Lee, Helen
June 2010
Health Sociology Review;Jun2010, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p192
Academic Journal
The relationship between ethnicity and the use of ‘party drugs’ (e.g., methamphetamine and ecstasy) has received little attention in Australia. This paper focuses on ethnicity and party drug use within the context of dance parties and clubs in Melbourne, Australia's second largest city. The young people who participated in our research, many of whom are long-time dance party attendees, or ‘old skool ravers’, frequently made claims to the possession of subcultural capital by labelling as ‘muzzas’ those they perceived to be outsiders to the dance scene. Muzzas are defined as heavily muscled young men, commonly of Southern European or Middle Eastern background, who use cocaine and steroids, have ‘no class’ and dance in an overly aggressive way. Although the old skool ravers were often from similar ethnic backgrounds to muzzas, they rarely drew on ethnicity in forming their own identities. They did, however, explicitly invoke ethnicity in the distinctions they created between themselves and muzzas. Their claims to subcultural capital are based on notions of nostalgia and an authentic involvement in the dance scene, and on their perceived distance from a mainstream culture consisting of ‘normal people’.


Related Articles

  • Estimating the relative reinforcing strength of (±)-3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and its isomers in rhesus monkeys: comparison to (+)-methamphetamine. Zhixia Wang; Woolverton, William L. // Psychopharmacology;Jan2007, Vol. 189 Issue 4, p483 

    (±)3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) is an analog of methamphetamine (MA) and a drug of abuse. MA, MDMA, and its isomers release monoamine neurotransmitters with varying selectivities and would, therefore, be predicted to vary in their relative strength as reinforcers. This study...

  • Pharmacological and behavioral determinants of cocaine, methamphetamine, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, and para-methoxyamphetamine-induced hyperthermia. Joy Jaehne, Emily; Salem, Abdallah; Irvine, Rodney James // Psychopharmacology;Sep2007, Vol. 194 Issue 1, p41 

    Cocaine, methamphetamine, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy), and para-methoxyamphetamine (PMA) disrupt normal thermoregulation in humans, with PMA being associated with more severe cases of hyperthermia. Harm minimization advice on how to prevent overheating depends on...

  • The Party Worth Remembering. MOTBEY, CRAIG // Australasian Science;Jan/Feb2013, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p21 

    The article reports on the long-term memory loss effects of a euphoric and highly addictive party drug. Known as Drone, M-Cat, Bubbles or Meow, the party drug's pharmaceutical name is mephedrone. Its impact is described as a mix between ecstasy and cocaine or methamphetamine. How mephedrone...

  • Drug-Related Decrease in Neuropsychological Functions of Abstinent Drug Users. van Holst, Ruth Janke; Schilt, Thelma // Current Drug Abuse Reviews;Mar2011, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p42 

    This article reviews neuropsychological performance in frequent users of cocaine, (meth)amphetamines, ecstasy, opiates, alcohol, and cannabis. We searched the scientific literature published in the last five years, focusing on studies that required at least 2 weeks of abstinence from drug use,...

  • The Wrong Club. Rinaldo, Denise // Scholastic Choices;Apr/May2007, Vol. 22 Issue 6, p14 

    The article provides information about various club drugs including Ecstasy, GHB and Meth.

  • Alterations in diurnal and nocturnal locomotor activity in rats treated with a monoamine-depleting regimen of methamphetamine or 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine. Wallace, Tanya L.; Gudelsky, Gary A.; Vorhees, Charles V. // Psychopharmacology;2001, Vol. 153 Issue 3, p321 

    Abstract Rationale: The long-term neurochemical effects produced by the repeated administration of methamphetamine (MA) and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) are well documented; however, the functional consequences have not been clearly defined. Objective: The present study was designed...

  • The Scary Truth About Ecstasy. Marshall, Mary Ann // Cosmopolitan;Aug2000, Vol. 229 Issue 2, p154 

    Provides information on ecstasy pill, which is a 3,4- methylenedioxymethamphetamine, that stimulates the nervous system. INSET: A Deadly Knockoff.

  • Los nuevos empresarios: Trayectoria del uso a la venta de drogas en contextos de fiesta. Arroyo, Mónica Miguel Martínez; Garcell, Josefina Ricardo; Icaza, María Elena Teresa Medina-Mora; Mendoza, Martha Patricia Romero; Gorn, Shoshana Berenzon // Salud Mental;nov/dec2012, Vol. 35 Issue 6, p475 

    Drugs use at party contexts has increased in recent decades. Drugs dealing facilitates consumer access to substances, whose sales practices vary according to drugs use, places for the consumption and the drug social function. Drug dealing is socially constructed from a set of practices ranging...

  • Behavioral consequences of MDMA neurotoxicity. Itzhak, Yossef; Ali, Syed F.; Achat, Cindy N.; Anderson, Karen L. // Psychopharmacology;2003, Vol. 166 Issue 3, p241 

    Rationale: Although many studies have focused on the mechanisms underlying MDMA-induced neurotoxicity, little is known about the subsequent long-term response to psychostimulants following exposure to a neurotoxic dose of MDMA. Objectives: We investigated the effect of pre-exposure to neurotoxic...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics