Occupational position and its relation to mental distress in a random sample of Danish residents

Rugulies, Reiner; Madsen, Ida; Nielsen, Maj; Olsen, Lis; Mortensen, Erik; Bech, Per
August 2010
International Archives of Occupational & Environmental Health;Aug2010, Vol. 83 Issue 6, p625
Academic Journal
To analyze the distribution of depressive, anxiety, and somatization symptoms across different occupational positions in a random sample of Danish residents. The study sample consisted of 591 Danish residents (50% women), aged 20–65, drawn from an age- and gender-stratified random sample of the Danish population. Participants filled out a survey that included the 92 item version of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (SCL-92). We categorized occupational position into seven groups: high- and low-grade non-manual workers, skilled and unskilled manual workers, high- and low-grade self-employed, and unemployed. Compared to the reference group of high-grade non-manual workers, the depressive symptom score was statistically significantly elevated among unskilled manual workers ( P = 0.043) and the unemployed ( P < 0.001), after adjustment for age, gender, cohabitation, life events, and low household income. The anxiety symptom score was elevated only among the unemployed ( P = 0.004). The somatization symptom score was elevated among unskilled manual workers ( P = 0.002), the low-grade self-employed ( P = 0.023), and the unemployed ( P = 0.001). When we analyzed caseness of severe symptoms, we found that unskilled manual workers (OR = 3.27, 95% CI = 1.06–10.04) and the unemployed (OR = 6.20, 95% CI = 1.98–19.42) had a higher prevalence of severe depressive symptoms, compared to the reference group of high-grade non-manual workers. The unemployed also had a higher prevalence of severe somatization symptoms (OR = 6.28, 95% CI = 1.39–28.46). Unskilled manual workers, the unemployed, and, to a lesser extent, the low-grade self-employed showed an increased level of mental distress. Activities to promote mental health in the Danish population should be directed toward these groups.


Related Articles

  • Workplace Psychological Health among Canadian Nurses. Berrios, Constanza; Joffres, Yayuk; Wang, Louis // UBC Medical Journal;Spring2015, Vol. 6 Issue 2, p30 

    Due to the demanding nature of their work, nurses are at higher risk of developing work-related psychological distress and associated psychological illness when compared to the general Canadian workforce. Nurses experience high levels of physical and psychological injury, job burnout and...

  • Is 'health' about work or fitness? Crush, Peter // Human Resources (09648380);Jun2010, Special section p3 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue including one on wellbeing of employees, one on staff getting more stress, and one on fit notes.

  • From Our Editors. Prokopeak, Mike // Workforce;Mar2016, Vol. 95 Issue 3, p4 

    An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses various articles within the issue on topics including significance of employee health, workplace-related health problems like stress headaches and backaches, and role of human resources executives in dealing with employee health issues.

  • Stressing and obsessing.  // Executive Report;Feb95, Vol. 13 Issue 6, p6 

    Reports that job insecurity is the number one source of stress in the workplace in the United States. Uncertainty in the workplace despite of the economic recovery; Other causes of stress in the workplace.

  • Learning to cope. Strohl, Lydia // Executive Report;Feb95, Vol. 13 Issue 6, p10 

    Presents guidelines on how to cope with job stress. Effect of job stress on workers and the company; Explanation of the physical and emotional aspects of stress; Significance of a stress specialist.

  • Why are today's workers stressed out? Stone, Florence // Getting Results...For the Hands-on Manager;Dec97, Vol. 42 Issue 12, p1 

    Cites studies and surveys conducted by various organizations on why workers in the 1990s are feeling stressed out. Correlation seen between misbehavior and work pressure; Higher on-the-job stress with less job security; Factors contributing to increased job stress; Role of supervisory and...

  • Job insecurity sees stress cases soar.  // Personnel Today;2/5/2002, p8 

    Reports the increase of work stress in Great Britain. Decline of personal injury claims; Reassessment on employee attitude towards work; Negative consequences of job insecurity.

  • Lack of rehab for stress is costing UK plc.  // Occupational Health;Sep2003, Vol. 55 Issue 9, p5 

    Provides an overview of a report issued by the Institute for Employment Studies concerning stress rehabilitation for employees in Great Britain. Impact of job stress on companies; Cost-related issues associated with employee stress management; Ways to deal with job-related stress.

  • Stress signals. Horne, Suzie // Poultry World;Jul2006, Vol. 160 Issue 7, p18 

    The article describes some ways in which managers can help workers in the poultry industry to deal with stress. Common causes of stress include regulatory changes to farming, long hours at work, marital and family pressures and poor health. Symptoms of the condition might include tiredness,...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics