TITLE

A newer and broader definition of burnout: validation of the "Burnout Clinical Subtype Questionnaire (BCSQ-36)"

AUTHOR(S)
Montero-Marín, Jesús; García-Campayo, Javier; Montero-Marín, Jesús; García-Campayo, Javier
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p302
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
journal article
ABSTRACT
Background: Burnout syndrome has been clinically characterised by a series of three subtypes: frenetic, underchallenged, and worn-out, with reference to coping strategies for stress and frustration at work with different degrees of dedication. The aims of the study are to present an operating definition of these subtypes in order to assess their reliability and convergent validity with respect to a standard burnout criterion and to examine differences with regard to sex and the temporary nature of work contracts.Method: An exploratory factor analysis was performed by the main component method on a range of items devised by experts. The sample was composed of 409 employees of the University of Zaragoza, Spain. The reliability of the scales was assessed with Cronbach's alpha, convergent validity in relation to the Maslach Burnout Inventory with Pearson's r, and differences with Student's t-test and the Mann-Whitney U test.Results: The factorial validity and reliability of the scales were good. The subtypes presented relations of differing degrees with the criterion dimensions, which were greater when dedication to work was lower. The frenetic profile presented fewer relations with the criterion dimensions while the worn-out profile presented relations of the greatest magnitude. Sex was not influential in establishing differences. However, the temporary nature of work contracts was found to have an effect: temporary employees exhibited higher scores in the frenetic profile (p < 0.001), while permanent employees did so in the underchallenged (p = 0.018) and worn-out (p < 0.001) profiles.Conclusions: The classical Maslach description of burnout does not include the frenetic profile; therefore, these patients are not recognised. The developed questionnaire may be a useful tool for the design and appraisal of specific preventive and treatment approaches based on the type of burnout experienced.
ACCESSION #
52038926

 

Related Articles

  • Understanding burnout according to individual differences: ongoing explanatory power evaluation of two models for measuring burnout types. Montero-Mar¡n, Jes£s; Araya, Ricardo; Olivan Blazquez, Barbara; Skapinakis, Petros; Martinez Vizcaino, Vicente; Garc¡a-Campayo, Javier // BMC Public Health;2012, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p922 

    Background: The classic determination of burnout is by means of the dimensions exhaustion, cynicism and inefficacy. A new definition of the syndrome is based on clinical subtypes, consisting of "frenetic" (involved, ambitious, overloaded), "underchallenged" (indifferent, bored, with lack of...

  • Psychological Distress, Depression, Anxiety, and Burnout among International Humanitarian Aid Workers: A Longitudinal Study. Cardozo, Barbara Lopes; Crawford, Carol Gotway; Eriksson, Cynthia; Zhu, Julia; Sabin, Miriam; Ager, Alastair; Foy, David; Snider, Leslie; Scholte, Willem; Kaiser, Reinhard; Olff, Miranda; Rijnen, Bas; Simon, Winnifred; Uddin, Monica // PLoS ONE;Sep2012, Vol. 7 Issue 9, Special section p1 

    Background: International humanitarian aid workers providing care in emergencies are subjected to numerous chronic and traumatic stressors. Objectives: To examine consequences of such experiences on aid workers' mental health and how the impact is influenced by moderating variables. Methodology:...

  • How I'm going to make doctoring fun again. Waltman, Richard E. // Medical Economics;02/22/99, Vol. 76 Issue 4, p223 

    Offers tips for physicians on how to overcome burnout and achieve job satisfaction. Includes focusing on things that a physician do well; Prioritizing; Emphasis on prevention; Patients as people; Listening to patients.

  • Stress? Who need it?. Charlton, Bruce // New Scientist;6/29/91, Vol. 130 Issue 1775, p63 

    Focuses on mental stress, the nonspecific response to a huge variety of specific stimuli. Examples of stress; Distinction between stimulus and response; Discussion on whether stress is the stimuli or the response.

  • Dynamique motivationnelle de l'épuisement et du bien-être chez des enseignants africains. Levesque, Manon; Blais, Marc R.; Hess, Ursula // Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science;Jul2004, Vol. 36 Issue 3, p190 

    This study examines the links between antecedents and consequences of Gabonese teachers' (N= 152) work motivation. The theoretical underpinnings are based on the Motivational Model of Job Burnout (MMJB) which is grounded in Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and states that the more supervisors...

  • Extinguish Burnout By Pacing Yourself.  // Customers First;Aug2012, Vol. 17 Issue 8, p3 

    The article offers tips on how to deal with job burnout such as pacing and replenishing oneself.

  • Desgaste profesional en personal de enfermería. De los Ríos-Castillo, José Lauro; Barrios-Santiago, Pedro; Ocampo-Mancilla, Mariano; Ávila-Rojas, Teresa Luzeldy // Revista Medica del IMSS;sep/oct2007, Vol. 45 Issue 5, p493 

    The Burnout syndrome (BS) is characterized by emotional fatigue, loss of personal identity and loss of personal realization feelings. BS is frequent among professionals that assist people (health care workers) and among those that have interpersonal contact; the occupational characteristics are...

  • Emotion-regulation ability, burnout, and job satisfaction among British secondary-school teachers Psychology in the Schools.  // Revista Española de Pedagogía;sep-dic2012, Issue 253, p595 

    A review is presented of the article "Emotion-regulation ability, burnout and job satisfaction among British secondary-school teachers," written by various authors including M.A. Brackett, R. Palomera and J. Mojsa, and published in the 47th issue of the periodical "Psychology in the Schools" in...

  • Investigation of the Effects of the Big Five Personality Model on Job Burnout (Survey in an Iranian Hospital). Gholipour, Aryan; Anvari, Mohammad Reza Akhavan; Kalali, Nader Seyed; Yazdani, Hamid Reza // International Proceedings of Economics Development & Research;2011, Vol. 4, p171 

    The purpose of this research is to study and understand the impacts of personality aspects on job burnout among the staff in a private hospital. In research analytical model, job burnout is dependent variable and independent variables include extraversion, neuroticism, agreeableness, openness to...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics