A newer and broader definition of burnout: validation of the "Burnout Clinical Subtype Questionnaire (BCSQ-36)"

Montero-Marín, Jesús; García-Campayo, Javier; Montero-Marín, Jesús; García-Campayo, Javier
January 2010
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p302
Academic Journal
journal article
Background: Burnout syndrome has been clinically characterised by a series of three subtypes: frenetic, underchallenged, and worn-out, with reference to coping strategies for stress and frustration at work with different degrees of dedication. The aims of the study are to present an operating definition of these subtypes in order to assess their reliability and convergent validity with respect to a standard burnout criterion and to examine differences with regard to sex and the temporary nature of work contracts.Method: An exploratory factor analysis was performed by the main component method on a range of items devised by experts. The sample was composed of 409 employees of the University of Zaragoza, Spain. The reliability of the scales was assessed with Cronbach's alpha, convergent validity in relation to the Maslach Burnout Inventory with Pearson's r, and differences with Student's t-test and the Mann-Whitney U test.Results: The factorial validity and reliability of the scales were good. The subtypes presented relations of differing degrees with the criterion dimensions, which were greater when dedication to work was lower. The frenetic profile presented fewer relations with the criterion dimensions while the worn-out profile presented relations of the greatest magnitude. Sex was not influential in establishing differences. However, the temporary nature of work contracts was found to have an effect: temporary employees exhibited higher scores in the frenetic profile (p < 0.001), while permanent employees did so in the underchallenged (p = 0.018) and worn-out (p < 0.001) profiles.Conclusions: The classical Maslach description of burnout does not include the frenetic profile; therefore, these patients are not recognised. The developed questionnaire may be a useful tool for the design and appraisal of specific preventive and treatment approaches based on the type of burnout experienced.


Related Articles

  • Coping, Occupational Wellbeing and Job Satisfaction of Nurses. Buitendach, Johanna H.; Moola, Mohammed Abed // Journal of Psychology in Africa;2011, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p43 

    The study determined the relationship between coping, occupational wellbeing (as measured by burnout and work engagement), and job satisfaction of nurses in two private hospitals in Namibia. A cross-sectional research design was used. One-hundred and ninety-one nurses employed in two private...

  • Work-related well-being of emergency workers in Gauteng. Naudé, Johannes L. P.; Rothmann, Sebastiaan // South African Journal of Psychology;Mar2006, Vol. 36 Issue 1, p63 

    The objective of this study was to assess the relationships between occupational stress, sense of coherence, burnout and work engagement of emergency workers in Gauteng and to determine whether sense of coherence moderates the effects of occupational stress on burnout and work engagement. A...

  • Burnout: Avoidable, Not Inevitable. Crawford, Meloney C.; Querin, Douglas S. // Law Practice: The Business of Practicing Law;May/Jun2012, Vol. 38 Issue 3, p1 

    The article offers information on the process of burnout in legal profession. It states that burnout is a condition that profoundly impacts their professional and personal life. It mentions that there are several ways to avoid burnout including commonsense maintenance practices that, seem to be...

  • The survey job burnout status and its relation with the performance of the employees (Case study: Bank). Gorji, Mohammadbagher; Vaziri, Shabnam // International Proceedings of Economics Development & Research;2011, Vol. 14, p219 

    The aim of the current article is to determine job burnout and its relation with the components of job burnout in the performance of the bank employees. The research method was applied and after the fact- Correlation and the statistic population includes all employees of Mellat Bank which is...

  • Organizational stressors associated with job stress and burnout in correctional officers: a systematic review. Finney, Caitlin; Stergiopoulos, Erene; Hensel, Jennifer; Bonato, Sarah; Dewa, Carolyn S. // BMC Public Health;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: In adult correctional facilities, correctional officers (COs) are responsible for the safety and security of the facility in addition to aiding in offender rehabilitation and preventing recidivism. COs experience higher rates of job stress and burnout that stem from organizational...

  • Stress, Burnout, Job Satisfaction, and Intent to Leave Among Collegiate Forensic Educators. Carmack, Heather J.; Holm, Todd T. // National Forensic Journal;2013, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p41 

    The purpose of this study is to explore how burnout, stress, and job satisfaction impact coaches' intention to leave forensics. Some 111 collegiate forensics educators completed a survey examining workplace stress, burnout, job satisfaction, and perceived intent to leave forensics. Coaches who...

  • Banish burnout! Lippman, Helen; Arnold, Laurie // RN;Aug2005, Vol. 68 Issue 8, p61 

    Presents several stories of nurses which offer a sampling of strategies to prevent burnout. Information on how Laurie Arnold found solace outside the workplace; Way the personal experience of Debbie McCullins turned into career growth; Significance of the training received by Mary Loughran to...

  • The Impact of Stress and Burnout on Physician Satisfaction and Behaviors. Rosenstein, Alan H.; Mudge-Riley, Michelle // Physician Executive;Nov/Dec2010, Vol. 36 Issue 6, p16 

    The article discusses the impact of stress and burnout on physician satisfaction and behaviors. It notes that an article in the "Annals of Surgery" said that 40% of surgeons reported being burned out and 30% screened positive for symptoms of depression. The article offers tips on how physicians...

  • Burnout or A Better Bottom Line? MCHENRY, SHERENE // Greenhouse Management;Apr2014, Vol. 34 Issue 4, p66 

    The article offers tips that greenhouse operators can implement to minimize workplace stress and burnout. Operators should take care of themselves physically and encourage their employees to do the same by getting plenty of water, nutrient rich food and rest. Operators should express...


Other Topics