To bite or not to bite! A questionnaire-based survey assessing why some people are bitten more than others by midges
- Where Does Bluetongue Virus Sleep in the Winter? Wilson, Anthony; Darpel, Karin; Mellor, Philip Scott // PLoS Biology;Aug2008, Vol. 6 Issue 8, pe210
Bluetongue recently spread to northern Europe for the first time. Outbreaks in temperate regions are often interrupted by cold weather, but may reappear months later. Where, then, might bluetongue virus sleep in the winter?
- Culicoides Midge Bites Modulate the Host Response and Impact on Bluetongue Virus Infection in Sheep. Pages, Nonito; Bréard, Emmanuel; Urien, Céline; Talavera, Sandra; Viarouge, Cyril; Lorca-Oro, Cristina; Jouneau, Luc; Charley, Bernard; Zientara, Stéphan; Bensaid, Albert; Solanes, David; Pujols, Joan; Schwartz-Cornil, Isabelle // PLoS ONE;Jan2014, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p1
Many haematophagous insects produce factors that help their blood meal and coincidentally favor pathogen transmission. However nothing is known about the ability of Culicoides midges to interfere with the infectivity of the viruses they transmit. Among these, Bluetongue Virus (BTV) induces a...
- Protection of confined cattle against biting and nuisance flies (Muscidae: Diptera) with insecticide-treated nets in the Ghanaian forest zone at Kumasi. Maia, Marta; Clausen, Peter-Henning; Mehlitz, Dieter; Garms, Rolf; Bauer, Burkhard // Parasitology Research;May2010, Vol. 106 Issue 6, p1307
Insecticide-treated nets for the protection of cattle against Muscinae and Stomoxyinae were evaluated using four identical pens in Kumasi, Ghana, 2005. Two pens served as controls: pen A as negative control and pen C as a positive control containing two zebus and no netting protection. Pens B...
- CULICOIDES AND OTHER BITING FLIES ON THE PALOS VERDES PENINSULA OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, AND THEIR POSSIBLE RELATIONSHIP TO EQUINE DERMATITIS. Mullens, Bradley A.; Owen, Jeb P.; Heft, David E.; Sobeck, Ruth V. // Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association;2005, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p90
Biting insects were sampled to investigate the cause(s) of dermatitis (putative Culicoides hypersensitivity [CHS]) on horses on the Palos Verdes Peninsula, Los Angeles County, California. Suction traps baited with CO2 were operated at 5 sites from April 2002 to August 2003, supplemented by...
- Insect salivary proteins prevent blood clotting. Senft, Dennis // Agricultural Research;Mar1998, Vol. 46 Issue 3, p26
Looks at the effects of proteins released by the salivary glands of biting insects. Account on the biting midge known as Culicodes variipennis; Negative effects of the proteins released by the midge; Possible benefits of the proteins.
- Black Flies. Bachleda, F. Lynne // Dangerous Wildlife in the Southeast;2001, p120
This article offers a guide to safe encounters with black flies in southeastern U.S. Also known as buffalo gnats and turkey gnats, black flies are small, bloodsucking insects. Their biting season occurs in spring and early summer just as the weather tempts humans outside. Although there are...
- Black Flies. Bachleda, F. Lynne // Dangerous Wildlife in California & Nevada;2002, p91
This section presents information on black flies. Also known as buffalo gnats and turkey gnats, black flies are small, bloodsucking insects slightly less than 0.25 inch long with a stout-bodied and hump-backed appearance. Legendary for their bite, black flies have bladelike mouthparts similar to...
- Deerflies and Horseflies. Bachleda, F. Lynne // Dangerous Wildlife in California & Nevada;2002, p93
This section presents information on deerflies and horseflies. Both of these biters will feed on humans, but it is more likely a deerfly that is biting humans, and more likely a horsefly after livestock. Both generally resemble a horsefly, but the deerfly is slightly larger than a housefly, and...
- Horsefly. // Encyclopedia of Animals;2006, p1
The 3,000 to 3,500 members of the insect family Tabanidae are pests which deliver painful bites and may carry diseases in some countries. The blood-sucking horseflies likely receive their name from their large size and because they frequently fly around horses.