TITLE

Male fetal loss in the U.S. following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001

AUTHOR(S)
Bruckner, Tim A; Catalano, Ralph; Ahern, Jennifer
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10, p273
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: The secondary sex ratio (i.e., the odds of a male birth) reportedly declines following natural disasters, pollution events, and economic collapse. It remains unclear whether this decline results from an excess of male fetal loss or reduced male conceptions. The literature also does not converge as to whether the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 induced "communal bereavement", or the widespread feeling of distress among persons who never met those directly involved in the attacks. We test the communal bereavement hypothesis among gravid women by examining whether male fetal deaths rose above expected levels in the US following September 11, 2001. Methods: We apply interrupted time-series methods to all fetal deaths at or greater than the 20th week of gestation in the US from 1996 to 2002. Time-series methods control for trends, seasonality, and other forms of autocorrelation that could induce spurious associations. Results: Results support the hypothesis in that the fetal death sex ratio (i.e., the odds of a male fetal death) increased above its expected value in September 2001. Additional analysis of the secondary sex ratio indirectly supports that the terrorist attacks may have threatened the gestation of male more than female fetuses. Conclusions: Societal responses to events such as September 11, 2001 do not appear confined only to persons who have ever met the deceased. The fetal death sex ratio in the US population may serve as a sentinel indicator of the degree to which pregnant women react to population stressors.
ACCESSION #
52038699

 

Related Articles

  • The Emotional Distress in a Community After the Terrorist Attack on the World Trade Center. Hongtu Chen; Chung, Henry; Chen, Teddy; Lin Fang; Jian-Ping Chen // Community Mental Health Journal;Apr2003, Vol. 39 Issue 2, p157 

    Objectives: To examine psychological impact of the September 11th disaster on the immediate neighborhood of the New York World Trade Center. Methods: 555 residents from the local Chinatown community participated in the study. They were surveyed retrospectively on their emotional distress...

  • Grief, fears at fever pitch. Marshall, Samantha // Crain's New York Business;9/24/2001, Vol. 17 Issue 39, p1 

    Reports on the psychological effects of the September 11 terrorist attack of the World Trade Center on New Yorkers. Increase in the number of mentally distress patients in counselling centers; Absence of the sense of security and control due to the unpredictability of terrorist violations;...

  • Exogenous shocks to the human sex ratio: the case of September 11, 2001 in New York City. R. Catalano // Human Reproduction;Dec2006, Vol. 21 Issue 12, p3127 

    BACKGROUND: The human secondary sex ratio reportedly falls in populations subjected to exogenous stressors such as earthquakes or political and social upheavals. Explanations of the association include reduced conception of males and increased fetal deaths among males. The latter explanation has...

  • Terror Distress in a New York City Primary Care Sample. Cukor, Daniel; Friedman, Steven // Internet Journal of Rescue & Disaster Medicine;2005, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p27 

    As a result of the terrorist activities of September 11, 2001, the entire country has experienced increased stress. Coping with the events of 9/11 poses a unique challenge, as there have been frequent terror alerts issued by the government to the residents of New York City. It has also been...

  • Factors associated with receiving help and risk factors for disaster-related distress among Connecticut adults 5�15 months after the September 11th terrorist incidents. Ford, Julian D.; Adams, Mary L.; Dailey, Wayne F. // Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology;Apr2006, Vol. 41 Issue 4, p261 

    Background To obtain prevalence estimates and identify factors associated with psychological problems and receipt of help by a geographically proximate population in which some persons had direct exposure but the overall prevalence of direct exposure was low, 5-15 months after the September...

  • The new 'normal': gas masks, insomnia, and civility. Campbell, Kim; Savoye, Craig // Christian Science Monitor;9/27/2001, Vol. 93 Issue 213, p2 

    Discusses the social impact of terrorist attacks on the United States. How Americans have been urged to move on with their lives after the attacks; View that the public has had a collective shock to its consciousness, which is compared to that experienced after Pearl Harbor was attacked;...

  • New York City young adults’ psychological reactions to 9/11: findings from the Reach for Health longitudinal study. Agronick, Gail; Stueve, Ann; Vargo, Sue; O'Donnell, Lydia // American Journal of Community Psychology;Mar2007, Vol. 39 Issue 1/2, p79 

    This research examines psychological distress among 955 economically disadvantaged New York City residents surveyed during high school and again after the September 11th terrorist attacks (9/11), when they were young adults. As part of the longitudinal Reach for Health study, young adult surveys...

  • Increased Use of Cigarettes, Alcohol, and Marijuana among Manhattan, New York, Residents after the September 11th Terrorist Attacks. Vlahov, David; Galea, Sandro; Resnick, Heidi; Ahern, Jennifer; Boscarino, Joseph A.; Bucuvalas, Michael; Gold, Joel; Kilpatrick, Dean // American Journal of Epidemiology;Jun2002, Vol. 155 Issue 11, p988 

    The September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks were the largest human-made disaster in the United States since the Civil War. Studies after earlier disasters have reported rates of psychological disorders in the acute postdisaster period. However, data on postdisaster increases in substance use are...

  • SECTION II: THE PSYCHOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF TERRORISM: Psychological Impact of the September 11, 2001 Terrorist Attacks: Summary of Empirical Findings in Adults. Schlenger, William E.; Danieli, Yael; Brom, Danny; Sills, Joe // Trauma of Terrorism: Sharing Knowledge & Shared Care, An Interna;2005, Vol. 10 Issue 1-4, p97 

    The terrorist attacks in the US on September 11, 2001 stimulated an unprecedented rapid response by the social and health research communities into the aftermath. This article summarizes the findings of the major studies that assessed various types of "psychological distress," and identifies...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics