Alcohol consumption in Estonia and Finland: Finbalt survey 1994-2006

Pärna, Kersti; Rahu, Kaja; Helakorpi, Satu; Tekkel, Mare
January 2010
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p261
Academic Journal
Background: Alcohol consumption has been regarded as an important contributor to the high premature mortality rates. The objective of this paper was to provide an overview and comparison of alcohol consumption and its sociodemographic determinants among adults in Estonia and Finland. Methods: The study was based on a 25-64-year-old subsample of nationally representative postal cross-sectional surveys conducted in Estonia (n = 10,340) and Finland (n = 19,672) during 1994-2006. Abstinence, frequency, and the amount of alcohol consumed were examined. Logistic regression models were used to test the socio-demographic differences in alcohol consumption at least once a week. The effect of socio-demographic factors on pure alcohol consumed per week was calculated using linear regression. Results: The proportion of abstainers was 1.5 times higher among women than men in both countries. Throughout the study period, the amount of alcohol consumed per week increased for both genders in Estonia and for women in Finland, but was stable for men in Finland. In the final study year, medium risk amount of alcohol consumed per week was nearly 1.5 times higher among men in Estonia than in Finland, but about half that among women in Estonia than in Finland. Compared to ethnic majority in Estonia, alcohol consumption at least once a week was lower among men, but amount of pure alcohol drunk per week was higher among women of ethnic minority. In Finland, alcohol consumption at least once a week was more prevalent among women of ethnic minority, but the amount of pure alcohol drunk per week was lower for both gender groups of ethnic minority. Compared to married/cohabiting respondents, alcohol consumption at least once a week was less pronounced among single respondents in Finland, divorced or separated women in both countries, and widowed respondents in Estonia. Greater amount of alcohol consumed per week was more prevalent among single and divorced or separated respondents in Finland, but only among divorced or separated men in Estonia. Frequency of alcohol consumption was lower among less educated than higher educated respondents in Finland, but not in Estonia. The amount of consumed alcohol per week was higher among less educated men in Estonia, but lower among women with basic education in Finland. Conclusions: Alcohol consumption has increased in Estonia and Finland. National alcohol policies should reflect findings of alcohol epidemiology in order to introduce measures that will reduce alcohol related harm in the population effectively.


Related Articles

  • Nondrinker Mortality Risk in the United States. Rogers, Richard; Krueger, Patrick; Miech, Richard; Lawrence, Elizabeth; Kemp, Robert // Population Research & Policy Review;Jun2013, Vol. 32 Issue 3, p325 

    The literature has shown that people who do not drink alcohol are at greater risk for death than light to moderate drinkers, yet the reasons for this remain largely unexplained. We examine whether variation in people's reasons for nondrinking explains the increased mortality. Our data come from...

  • Alcohol-attributable and alcohol-preventable mortality in Denmark: an analysis of which intake levels contribute most to alcohol's harmful and beneficial effects. Eliasen, Marie; Becker, Ulrik; Grønbæk, Morten; Juel, Knud; Tolstrup, Janne // European Journal of Epidemiology;Jan2014, Vol. 29 Issue 1, p15 

    The aim of the study was to quantify alcohol-attributable and -preventable mortality, totally and stratified on alcohol consumption in Denmark 2010, and to estimate alcohol-related mortality assuming different scenarios of changes in alcohol distribution in the population. We estimated...

  • Notifiable Disease and Mortality Tables for Weeks 39-41 Now Online.  // MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report;10/25/2013, Vol. 62 Issue 42, p846 

    The article announces that the Notifiable Disease and Mortality Tables for surveillance weeks 39, 40, and 41 have now been published on the web site of the "Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report" which include quarterly Table IV data pertaining to tuberculosis.

  • Impacto del consumo nocivo de alcohol en accidentes y enfermedades crónicas en México. Guerrero-López, Carlos Manuel; Muños-Hernández, José Alberto; de Miera-Juárez, Belén Sáenz; Pérez-Núñez, Ricardo; Reynales-Shigematsu, Luz Myriam // Salud Pública de México;2013 supplement 2, Vol. 55, pS282 

    Objective. To analyze alcohol consumption, and its impact on road traffic-related mortality and chronic diseases. Materials and methods. Through the analysis of national health surveys, registry of traffic collisions, mortality records and economic surveys, we estimated prevalence, mortality and...

  • The six-country survey of the European comparative alcohol study: comparing patterns and assessing validity. Leifman, Hakan // Contemporary Drug Problems;Fall2002, Vol. 29 Issue 3, p477 

    The paper introduces a set of analyses of national surveys carried out in six countries—Finland, Sweden, Germany, Great Britain, France and Italy—as part of the European Comparative Alcohol Study (ECAS). The ECAS survey data were collected especially for the purpose of country...

  • Regional variations in British alcohol morbidity rates: a myth uncovered? I: Clinical surveys. Latcham, Richard W.; Kreitman, Norman; Plant, Martin A.; Crawford, Alex // British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition);11/17/1984, Vol. 289 Issue 6455, p1341 

    Presents a clinical survey on regional variations in British alcohol morbidity rates. Studies on the use of psychiatric and medical hospital services for alcohol dependence; Significance of the geographical factors in psychiatric admissions for alcohol dependence; Discussion on the pattern of...

  • Exploring knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to alcohol in Mongolia: a national population-based survey. Demaio, Alessandro R.; Dugee, Otgontuya; de Courten, Maximillian; Bygbjerg, Ib C.; Enkhtuya, Palam; Meyrowitsch, Dan W. // BMC Public Health;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: The leading cause of mortality in Mongolia is Non-Communicable Disease. Alcohol is recognised by the World Health Organization as one of the four major disease drivers and so, in order to better understand and triangulate recent national burden-of-disease surveys and to inform policy...

  • Alcohol and Risk of Breast Cancer. Narod, Steven A. // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;11/2/2011, Vol. 306 Issue 17, p1920 

    The author discusses a study published within the issue which reports the findings from the Nurses' Health Study concerning the association between the different patterns of alcohol consumption (AC) and breast cancer (BC) risk. He explains the study's finding that the risk of BC was increased...

  • Heavy drinking occasions in relation to ischaemic heart disease mortality-- an 11-22 year follow-up of the 1984 and 1995 US National Alcohol Surveys. Roerecke, Michael; Greenfield, Thomas K; Kerr, William C; Bondy, Susan; Cohen, Joanna; Rehm, Jürgen // International Journal of Epidemiology;Oct2011, Vol. 40 Issue 5, p1401 

    Background: The relationship between alcohol consumption and ischaemic heart disease (IHD) risk is complex and several issues remain unresolved because many studies used rather crude exposure measures often based on one or two questions. The objective of this study was to...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics