Self-perceived stress reactivity is an indicator of psychosocial impairment at the workplace

Limm, Heribert; Angerer, Peter; Heinmueller, Mechthild; Marten-Mittag, Birgitt; Nater, Urs M; Guendel, Harald
January 2010
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p252
Academic Journal
Background: Work related stress is associated with a range of debilitating health outcomes. However, no unanimously accepted assessment tool exists for the early identification of individuals suffering from chronic job stress. The psychological concept of self-perceived stress reactivity refers to the individual disposition of a person to answer stressors with immediate as well as long lasting stress reactions, and it could be a valid indicator of current as well as prospective adverse health outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which perceived stress reactivity correlates with various parameters of psychosocial health, cardiovascular risk factors, and parameters of chronic stress and job stress in a sample of middle-aged industrial employees in a so-called "sandwich-position". Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 174 industrial employees were assessed for psychosocial and biological stress parameters. Differences between groups with high and low stress reactivity were analysed. Logistic regression models were applied to identify which parameters allow to predict perceived high versus low stress reactivity. Results: In our sample various parameters of psychosocial stress like chronic stress and effort-reward imbalance were significantly increased in comparison to the normal population. Compared to employees with perceived low stress reactivity, those with perceived high stress reactivity showed poorer results in health-related complaints, depression, anxiety, sports behaviour, chronic stress, and effort-reward imbalance. The educational status of employees with perceived low stress reactivity is higher. Education, cardiovascular complaints, chronic stress, and effort-reward imbalance were moderate predictors for perceived stress reactivity. However, no relationship was found between stress reactivity and cardiovascular risk factors in our sample. Conclusions: Job stress is a major burden in a relevant subgroup of industrial employees in a middle management position. Self-perceived stress reactivity seems to be an appropriate concept to identify employees who experience psychosocial stress and associated psychological problems at the workplace.


Related Articles

  • Stressed to the Limit. Wharton, Lynda // New Zealand Management;Jul2003, Vol. 50 Issue 6, p18 

    Reports on the legislation with regards to workplace stress in New Zealand as of July 2003. Definition of workplace stress; Information on the Health & Safety in Employment Amendment Act.

  • Working conditions, self-perceived stress, anxiety, depression and quality of life: a structural equation modelling approach. Rusli, Bin Nordin; Edimansyah, Bin Abdin; Lin Naing // BMC Public Health;2008, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p48 

    Background: The relationships between working conditions [job demand, job control and social support]; stress, anxiety, and depression; and perceived quality of life factors [physical health, psychological wellbeing, social relationships and environmental conditions] were assessed using a sample...

  • Psychosocial workload and stress in the workers' representative. Rabe, Martin; Giacomuzzi, Salvatore; NĂ¼bling, Matthias // BMC Public Health;2012, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p909 

    Background: Using a data set of works councils of trade union IG Metal, this paper investigates psychosocial stress and strain on this specific group in comparison to employees working in administration in general (leadership and non-leadership-role) and a national reference value. Methods: For...

  • Graduate succeeds against the odds! TAYLOR, GLENN // Australian Nursing Journal;Apr2012, Vol. 19 Issue 9, p18 

    The article reports on the case of a nursing student whose employment position was terminated during her graduate year at nursing school and who prior to her termination had been subjected to workplace bullying which had resulted in psychological distress. In the article the author offers his...

  • Adverse Health Effects of High-Effort/Low-Reward Conditions. Siegrist, Johannes // Journal of Occupational Health Psychology;Jan1996, Vol. 1 Issue 1, p27 

    Focuses on the use of effort-reward imbalance model to assess the adverse health effects of high-effort/low-reward conditions at work. Focus of the effort-reward imbalance model; Variables used to determine the adverse effects of stressful experience at work; Importance of the study on the...

  • Study Finds Increased Employee Control Reduces Health Care Costs.  // Ascribe Newswire: Medicine;11/13/2001, p21 

    Increased employee control over workplace policies or procedures is the only stress-related factor that has a measurable impact on health care costs, according to University of Arkansas researcher Dan Ganster. According to Ganster, health care costs are the single largest uncontrolled expense...

  • DEVELOPMENT OF THE SOURCES OF WORK STRESS INVENTORY. de Bruin, Gideon P.; Taylor, Nicola // South African Journal of Psychology;Nov2005, Vol. 35 Issue 4, p748 

    This article describes the development of the Sources of Work Stress Inventory (SWSI). Factor analyses of the generated items produced (a) a General Work Stress Scale and (b) eight Sources of Work Stress scales, namely Bureaucracy/Autonomy, Relationships, Tools and Equipment, Workload, Role...

  • Effects of job strain on fatigue: cross-sectional and prospective views of the job content questionnaire and effortereward imbalance in the GAZEL cohort. Sembajwe, Grace; Wahrendorf, Morten; Siegrist, Johannes; Sitta, Remi; Zins, Marie; Goldberg, Marcel; Berkman, Lisa // Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Jun2012, Vol. 69 Issue 6, p377 

    Objectives The objectives this study were (1) to investigate correlations between measures of psychosocial workplace stress as measured in separate years by the Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) and EfforteReward Imbalance (ERI) scales; (2) to establish a valid measure of psychosocial job stress...

  • Reduce Job stress in Organizations: Role of Locus of Control. Karimi, Roohangiz; Alipour, Farhad // International Journal of Business & Social Science;2011, Vol. 2 Issue 18, p232 

    The aim of this study is to investigate theoretically how locus of control can reduce occupational stress in the workplaces so as to have an effective performance improvement. By utilizing job demand-control models, researchers explored how managers can help to reduce job stress among their...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics