TITLE

Tobacco use patterns in traditional and shared parenting families: a gender perspective

AUTHOR(S)
Bottorff, Joan L.; Kelly, Mary T.; Oliffe, John L.; Johnson, Joy L.; Greaves, Lorraine; Chan, Anna
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10, p239
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Although researchers have focused on women's smoking during pregnancy and the postpartum period and the influence of household interactions on their tobacco reduction efforts, little attention has been given to parents' efforts to regulate smoking during the child-rearing years. The objective of this study was to examine how parenting young children and gender relations reflected in couple dynamics influence household tobacco use patterns and, specifically, women's tobacco reduction efforts. Methods: As part of a longitudinal, grounded-theory study with 28 couples to examine the place of tobacco in the lives of new parents, each parent participated in one or two individual, semi-structured interviews during the first three years postpartum. Grounded theory methods and a gender relations framework were used to analyze transcribed data. Results: Two different parenting styles that couples adhered to were identified. These parenting styles reflected performances of femininities and masculinities, and were associated with particular smoking patterns. Traditional parenting reinforced by women's alignment with emphasized femininities and men's alignment with hegemonic masculinities placed women with smoking partners at risk for relapse. Women's actions to be supportive partners facilitated couples' continued smoking. In shared parenting dyads, egalitarian practices tended to support successful transitions to smoke-free homes. Women's ability to exert more influence around family decision making, and the acceptance of new masculine identities associated with fatherhood were influential. In non-smoking dyads where the mother, father, or both reduced or stopped smoking, we observed a subtext of potential conflict in the event either the mother or father relapsed. Conclusions: Decisions about tobacco use are made within relationships and social contexts that vary based on each individual's relationship to tobacco, divisions of domestic labour and childcare, and other activities that impact tobacco use. Sensitive approaches to tobacco reduction for women and men must be developed building on greater understanding of gender relations and how tobacco use is integrated in spousal and parental roles.
ACCESSION #
52037079

 

Related Articles

  • Parental Smoking, Closeness to Parents, and Youth Smoking. Wilson, Diane B.; McClish, Donna K.; Heckman, Carolyn J.; Obando, C. Patricia; Dahman, Bassam A. // American Journal of Health Behavior;May/Jun2007, Vol. 31 Issue 3, p261 

    Objectives: To examine parent closeness and its effect in predicting youth smoking when 0, 1, or 2 parents smoked. Methods: Youth and parent smoking, closeness to parents, family structure, and gender and ethnicity among middle (n=17,468) and high school (n=5457) students were measured using a...

  • Pulse.  // Current Health 2;Mar2006, Vol. 32 Issue 7, p4 

    The article presents information on a study in the Journal of Adolescent Health on what parents say about their children regarding smoking.

  • Tobacco update.  // Pediatrics for Parents;1993, Vol. 14 Issue 10, p6 

    Presents information about the hazards of smoking for parents. Number of women who smoke during their pregnancies; Annual infant deaths caused by smoking; Number of adolescents who become smokers everyday; Average age for a new smoker; Children who breathe second hand smoke; Safety of low-tar...

  • GIVE SMOKERS A BREAK. Harvey, Jennifer // Community Care;10/4/2007, Issue 1693, p8 

    The author comments on the ban of smoking in Great Britain. According to the author, some say the ban should extend to the outside and are alarmed at the growth of patio heaters and shelters, catering predominantly for smokers. The author also stated that smoking is already a major negative...

  • Home Smoking Bans May Increase the Risk of Smoking Onset in Children When Both Parents Smoke. O’Loughlin, Jennifer L.; Barry, Amadou-Diogo; O’Loughlin, Erin K.; Tremblay, Michèle // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Jul2014, Vol. 16 Issue 7, p1 

    Introduction: The objective was to determine if there is effect modification by home smoking bans in the association between parental smoking and cigarette smoking onset in children. Methods: Data on smoking onset, number of parents who smoke, and home smoking rules were collected from children...

  • Parents' and friends' smoking status as predictors of smoking onset: findings from six European countries. De Vries, Hem; Engels, Rutger; Kremers, Stef; Wetzels, Joyce; Aart Mudde // Health Education Research;Oct2003, Vol. 18 Issue 5, p627 

    This study assessed the relationship between the smoking behavior of adolescents and the smoking status of their parents and friends among adolescents from six European countries. A longitudinal study collected data from 15 705 adolescents on their own smoking status, and that of their parents,...

  • Passive smoking exposure of sick children in Hong Kong. Chan, S.S.C.; Hing Lam, T.; Betson, C.L. // Human & Experimental Toxicology;1999, Vol. 18 Issue 4, p224 

    1 This study aims to investigate the extent of passive smoking exposure of sick children in Hong Kong; their father's smoking behaviors and their mother's action to protect the child from environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). 2 This cross-sectional survey was the first phase of a randomized...

  • Agreement between proband and parental self-report of smoking behavior and nicotine dependence. Marks, Judith L.; Swan, Gary E.; Pomerleau, Cynthia S.; Pomerleau, Ovide F. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Aug2003, Vol. 5 Issue 4, p527 

    Although investigators have used family history methods to investigate familial clustering of disorders such as depressive disorder, alcoholism, coronary heart disease, and cancer, research of this type is relatively new to the field of smoking. We examined agreement between proband report of...

  • Communication about smoking between depressed adolescents and their parents. Levy, Suzanne A.; Westin, Anna M. L.; Reamy, Allison M.; Reyner, Jacqueline C.; Syed, Tahniat; Diamond, Guy S. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Mar2010, Vol. 12 Issue 3, p191 

    Introduction:: Better understanding of effective parent–adolescent communication regarding tobacco use could inform smoking cessation intervention.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics