A cluster randomised trial of a telephone-based intervention for parents to increase fruit and vegetable consumption in their 3- to 5-year-old children: study protocol

Wyse, 1Rebecca J.; Wolfenden, Luke; Campbell, Elizabeth; Brennan, Leah; Campbell, Karen J.; Fletcher, Amanda; Bowman, Jenny; Heard, Todd R.; Wiggers, John
January 2010
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p216
Academic Journal
Background: Inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption in childhood increases the risk of developing chronic disease. Despite this, a substantial proportion of children in developed nations, including Australia, do not consume sufficient quantities of fruits and vegetables. Parents are influential in the development of dietary habits of young children but often lack the necessary knowledge and skills to promote healthy eating in their children. The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of a telephone-based intervention for parents to increase the fruit and vegetable consumption of their 3- to 5-year-old children. Methods/Design: The study, conducted in the Hunter region of New South Wales, Australia, employs a cluster randomised controlled trial design. Two hundred parents from 15 randomly selected preschools will be randomised to receive the intervention, which consists of print resources and four weekly 30-minute telephone support calls delivered by trained telephone interviewers. The calls will assist parents to increase the availability and accessibility of fruit and vegetables in the home, create supportive family eating routines and role-model fruit and vegetable consumption. A further two hundred parents will be randomly allocated to the control group and will receive printed nutrition information only. The primary outcome of the trial will be the change in the child's consumption of fruit and vegetables as measured by the fruit and vegetable subscale of the Children's Dietary Questionnaire. Pre-intervention and post-intervention parent surveys will be administered over the telephone. Baseline surveys will occur one to two weeks prior to intervention delivery, with follow-up data collection calls occurring two, six, 12 and 18 months following baseline data collection. Discussion: If effective, this telephone-based intervention may represent a promising public health strategy to increase fruit and vegetable consumption in childhood and reduce the risk of subsequent chronic disease. Trial registration: Australian Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12609000820202


Related Articles

  • Increasing fruit and vegetable consumption among schoolchildren: Efforts in middle-income countries. Wijesinha-Bettoni, Ramani; Orito, Aya; Lowik, Marianne; Mclean, Catherine; Muehlhoff, Ellen // Food & Nutrition Bulletin;Mar2013, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p75 

    Background. To reverse the trend of rising child obesity rates in many middle-income countries, recommendations include increasing fruit and vegetable consumption. Schools can positively impact children's eating behavior, and multicomponent interventions that include the curriculum, school food...

  • Introduction of Fruits and Vegetables into Children's Diets in the Iringa Region, Tanzania. Ludwig, Christine; Keding, Gudrun B.; Msuya, John M.; Krawinkel, Michael B. // Journal of Tropical Pediatrics;Jun2012, Vol. 58 Issue 3, p241 

    No abstract available.

  • Top value.  // Burke's Backyard;Feb2013, p95 

    The article reports on the need for encouraging children to eat more fruit and vegetables.

  • The synthesis of qualitative research and evidence-based nursing. Flemming, Kate // Evidence Based Nursing;Jul2007, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p68 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue, including one by Thomas et al., which examined barriers to increased fruit and vegetable intake in children.

  • Availability, Accessibility, and preferences for Fruit, 100% Fruit Juice, and Vegetables Influence Children's Dietary Behavior. Cullen, Karen Weber; Baranowski, Tom; Owens, Emiel; Marsh, Tara; Rittenberry, Latroy; de Moor, Carl // Health Education & Behavior;Oct2003, Vol. 30 Issue 5, p615 

    The article reports on the influence of availability, accessibility, and preferences for home juice (F), fruit juice (J) and vegetables (V) on children's dietary behavior. Records of the foods eaten each day were collected from 225 children from nine parochial schools in Houston, Texas in 1998....

  • Parents influence diet. Polak, Monika // GP: General Practitioner;10/15/2004, p18 

    The article cites a study commissioned by Developing Patient Partnerships in Great Britain, which holds that fewer than a fifth of children aged seven to 16 eat five portions of fresh fruit and vegetables a day. The survey involved 1,013 children aged seven to 16 and 756 parents of children aged...

  • How to make the most of…root vegetables. Whiting, Mary // Nursery World (Haymarket Business Publications Ltd);1/7/2010, Vol. 110 Issue 4201, p20 

    The article discusses the various root vegetables that could provide better nutrition to children. It cites that the stronger the colour of the fruits and vegetables, their nutritional value is also greater. It also offers tips on how to cook root vegetables, such as sweet potato, swede and...

  • Low-Fat, High-Fiber Diet Offers Few Drawbacks.  // Nutrition Health Review: The Consumer's Medical Journal;2001, Issue 82, p16 

    Focuses on the benefits of eating low in fat, high in fiber and rich in fruits and vegetables diet. Reduction of risk of heart disease, some forms of cancer and diabetes; Reasons for adopting the healthful diet concept; Detrimental effects of healthful diet on taste, cost and the convenience of...

  • Become a healthy eater. Barr, Susan Learner; Belebeau, Arthur // Self;Jun2002, Vol. 24 Issue 6, p196 

    Focuses on fruits and vegetables diet during summer. Loss of weight from low calorie fruits and vegetables diet; Components of avocado for protection of eyes; Cancer fighting ingredients of berries.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics