Impact of BTG2 expression on proliferation and invasion of gastric cancer cells in vitro

Zhang, Lin; Huang, Haili; Wu, Kai; Wang, Mengwei; Wu, Benyan
July 2010
Molecular Biology Reports;Jul2010, Vol. 37 Issue 6, p2579
Academic Journal
BTG2 (B cell translocation gene 2) is downregulated in several human tumors and has been known as a tumor suppressor in carcinogenesis of thymus, prostate, kidney, and liver. However, little is known about the role BTG2 plays in gastric adenocarcinoma. In the present study, we intended to investigate the influence of BTG2 on the growth, proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and cell cycle of the gastric cancer cell lines SGC7901 and MKN45. BTG2 cDNA was insected into a constitutive vector pcDNA3.1 followed by transfection in gastric cancer cell line MKN45 and SGC7901 by using liposome. Then stable transfectants were selected and appraised. The apoptosis and cell cycles of these transfectants were analyzed by using flow cytometric assay. The growth and proliferation were analyzed by cell growth curves and colony-forming assay, respectively. The invasion of these clones was analyzed by using cell migration assay. MKN-BTG2 (MKN45 with stable transfection of BTG2 gene) and SGC-BTG2 (SGC7901 with stable transfection of BTG2 gene) grew slower than their control groups, respectively. The cell counts of MKN-BTG2 in the fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh days were significantly fewer than those of control groups ( P < 0.05). Those of SGC-BTG2 in the fourth fifth, sixth and seventh days were significantly fewer than those of control groups too ( P < 0.05). Cell cycle analysis showed that proportions of MKN-BTG2 and SGC-BTG2 cells in G0–G1 and S were different significantly with those of their control groups, respectively ( P < 0.05). The apoptosis rate of MKN-BTG2 was significantly higher than those of control groups ( P < 0.05). Results of colony-forming assay showed that the colon formation rates of MKN-BTG2 and SGC-BTG2 were lower than those of their control groups ( P < 0.05). The results of cell migration assay showed that the cell migration rates of MKN-BTG2 and SGC-BTG2 were not significantly different with those of their control groups ( P > 0.05). BTG2 can restrain the growth and proliferation of gastric cancer cells powerfully. It can reduce some malignant phenotype of these tumor cells. But it could not impact the ability of invasion of gastric cancer cells, so could not restrain the metastasis of gastric cancer. In gastric cancer, BTG2 could be thought as a tumor-inhibiting gene in some distance, so the gene could be a potential target of gene therapy.


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