TITLE

A systematic review of personality disorder, race and ethnicity: prevalence, aetiology and treatment

AUTHOR(S)
McGilloway, Angela; Hall, Ruth E.; Tennyson Lee; Bhui, Kamaldeep S.
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
BMC Psychiatry;2010, Vol. 10, p33
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Although psychoses and ethnicity are well researched, the importance of culture, race and ethnicity has been overlooked in Personality Disorders (PD) research. This study aimed to review the published literature on ethnic variations of prevalence, aetiology and treatment of PD. Method: A systematic review of studies of PD and race, culture and ethnicity including a narrative synthesis of observational data and meta-analyses of prevalence data with tests for heterogeneity. Results: There were few studies with original data on personality disorder and ethnicity. Studies varied in their classification of ethnic group, and few studies defined a specific type of personality disorder. Overall, meta-analyses revealed significant differences in prevalence between black and white groups (OR 0.476, CIs 0.248 - 0.915, p = 0.026) but no differences between Asian or Hispanic groups compared with white groups. Meta-regression analyses found that heterogeneity was explained by some study characteristics: a lower prevalence of PD was reported among black compared with white patients in UK studies, studies using case-note diagnoses rather than structured diagnostic interviews, studies of borderline PD compared with the other PD, studies in secure and inpatient compared with community settings, and among subjects with co-morbid disorders compared to the rest. The evidence base on aetiology and treatment was small. Conclusion: There is some evidence of ethnic variations in prevalence of personality disorder but methodological characteristics are likely to account for some of the variation. The findings may indicate neglect of PD diagnosis among ethnic groups, or a true lower prevalence amongst black patients. Further studies are required using more precise cultural and ethnic groups.
ACCESSION #
52020980

 

Related Articles

  • Appendix.  // Contemporary Psychoanalytic Studies;2013, Vol. 18, p239 

    An appendix is presented which outlines several psychopathological structures including neurotic structure, personality disorder structure, and psychotic structure.

  • Personality Disorders Over Time: Implications for Psychotherapy. Paris, Joel // American Journal of Psychotherapy;2004, Vol. 58 Issue 4, p420 

    Personality disorders have an early onset, and are associated with dysfunction over the course of adult life. Antisocial and borderline personality disorders tend to remit with age, but other categories do not usually show improvement. The chronicity of personality disorders is both a challenge...

  • A study of the similarity between three models of interpersonal functioning of patients with borderline personality disorder. Submitted as a brief research report. Trepanier, Lyane; Perry, John Christopher; Koerner, Annett; Stamoulos, Constantina; Sheptycki, Amanda; Drapeau, Martin // Archives of Psychiatry & Psychotherapy;Mar2013, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p55 

    Dysfunctional interpersonal patterns are a defining feature of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). A number of studies have aimed to determine if there are specific patterns in the interpersonal functioning of patients with BPD. The vast majority of these studies have used a widely-used...

  • Variables de personalidad, alteraciones psicopatológicas y trastornos de personalidad en pacientes con dependencia de alcohol en función de la tipología de Cloninger. Echeburúa, Enrique; de Medina, Ricardo Bravo; Aizpiri, Javier // Psicothema;nov2008, Vol. 20 Issue 4, p525 

    In this paper, an evaluation of Cloninger's typology of alcohol abuse in personality, psychopathology and personality disorders is carried out. The sample consisted of 158 alcoholics in treatment (56 Type I alcohol-dependent patients and 102 Type II alcohol-dependent patients). All subjects were...

  • Borderline Personality: A Review of Recent Research. Tarnopolsky, Alex; Berelowitz, Mark // British Journal of Psychiatry;Dec87, Vol. 151, p724 

    Borderline personality has been, for many years, a discredited diagnostic concept. In 1979 a review of the literature concluded that its validity status was very uncertain. The authors have reviewed research conducted since then and discuss it in terms of the Robins & Guze (1970) criteria. In...

  • borderline personality disorder. Peters, Michael // BMA A-Z Family Medical Encyclopedia;2004, p118 

    An encyclopedia entry for "borderline personality disorder" is presented. The term refers to a personality disorder which falls between neurotic and psychotic levels. Individuals with this disorder often show mood changes that are often rapid and inappropriate, angry outbursts and impulsive,...

  • MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS OF PERCEIVED DYSFUNCTION RATINGS OF PERSONALITY DISORDER SYMPTOMS. Watson, David C.; Howell, Andrew J. // Social Behavior & Personality: An International Journal;2004, Vol. 32 Issue 6, p595 

    Dysfunction in personality disorder symptoms was assessed using multivariate techniques to analyse lay judges' (N = 216) ratings of occupational impairment, social impairment, and personal distress. Factor analysis revealed that ratings of occupational impairment and social impairment loaded...

  • Lise ve Ãœniversite Öğrencilerinde Ä°ntihar Riskini Belirlemeye Yönelik Bir Modelin Sınanması. şahın, Nesrin Hıslı; Batigün, Ayşegül Durak // Turk Psikiyatri Dergisi;2009, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p28 

    Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the validity of a model proposed by Batigün and Sahin regarding suicide probability. Method: The sample was composed of 2343 students aged 15-25 years that were attending various high schools and universities. According to the proposed...

  • Borderline Personality Symptoms and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Risk in Alcohol and Other Drug Abusing Adolescent Offenders. Dévieux, Jessy G.; Malow, Robert M.; Rosenberg, Rhonda; Nair, Madhavan; Samuels, Deanne M.; McMahon, Robert // American Journal of Infectious Diseases;2009, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p31 

    Problem statement: Incarcerated youth with borderline symptomatology represent a particularly at risk-population due to their enggement in risky behaviors. Five hundred twenty two adolescents were assessed for borderline symptomatology (MACI), engagement in risky behaviors and...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics