Pharmacology of Tridax procumbens a Weed: Review

Mundada, Sneha; Shivhare, Ruchi
April 2010
International Journal of PharmTech Research;Apr2010, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p1391
Academic Journal
Tridax procumbens Linn. (Compositae) is a weed found throughout India. The plant is native of tropical America and naturalized in tropical Africa, Asia, and Australia. Local people known it as "Ghamara", in English popularly called 'coat buttons' and is dispensed for "Bhringraj" by some of the practitioners of Ayurveda. The phytochemical screening revealed the presence of alkaloids, carotenoids, flavonoids (catechins and flavones), fumaric acid, fl-sitosterol, saponins and tannins. It is richly endowed with carotenoids, saponins, oleanolic acid and ions like sodium, potassium and calcium. Luteolin, glucoluteolin, quercetin and isoquercetin have been reported from its flowers. It has known for its number of pharmacological activities like hepatoprotective activity, antiinflammatory, wound healing, antidiabetic activity, hypotensive effect, immunomodulating property, bronchial catarrh, dysentery, diarrhoea and to prevent falling of hair promotes the growth of hair, and antimicrobial activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. The leaf juice possesses antiseptic, insecticidal and parasiticidal properties, as a remedy against conjunctivitis and is used also to check haemorrhage from cuts, bruises and wounds insect repellent. It is also used as bioadsorbent for chromium (VI). This review focus on folk occurrence and the wide pharmacological activities of weed Tridax procumbens.


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