Cumulative Trauma, Personal and Social Resources, and Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms Among Income-assisted Single Mothers

Samuels-Dennis, Joan; Ford-Gilboe, Marilyn; Wilk, Piotr; Avison, William; Ray, Susan
August 2010
Journal of Family Violence;Aug2010, Vol. 25 Issue 6, p603
Academic Journal
Data from 247 single mothers were used to partially validate a theoretical model that highlights the process through which post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) develops among women. Structural equation modeling was used to assess the direct and indirect relationship between cumulative trauma (CT) and mothers’ PTSD symptom severity. Additionally, we examined the meditational role played by mothers’ strains and resources and the moderating role played by mothers’ residence in an intersectionally advantaged versus disadvantaged neighborhood. A good fit was found between the hypothesized model and data. Mothers’ strains and personal resources played a significant mediating role in the relationship between CT and PTSD symptom severity. Neighborhood of residence did not moderate the CT-PTSD process. Implication for practice and treatment are discussed.


Related Articles

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder among bank employee victims of robbery. Fichera, G. P.; Fattori, A.; Neri, L.; Musti, M.; Coggiola, M.; Costa, G. // Occupational Medicine;Jun2015, Vol. 65 Issue 4, p283 

    Background Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the occupational context, especially following workplace robbery, is still under-investigated. Aims To evaluate PTSD incidence and risk factors among bank employee victims of robbery voluntarily joining an employer-sponsored post-robbery...

  • Cortical Thinning in Patients with Recent Onset Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder after a Single Prolonged Trauma Exposure. Yang Liu; Yi-Jun Li; Er-Ping Luo; Hong-Bing Lu; Hong Yin // PLoS ONE;Jun2012, Vol. 7 Issue 6, p1 

    Most of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies about post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) focused primarily on measuring of small brain structure volume or regional brain volume changes. There were rare reports investigating cortical thickness alterations in recent onset PTSD. Recent advances...

  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) after Heart Transplant. Gotzmann, Lutz; Schnyder, Ulrich // American Journal of Psychotherapy;2002, Vol. 56 Issue 4, p562 

    The incidence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after heart transplant is about 17%, making it an important psychosocial complication. This case study discusses the relationship between early traumatizing experiences of loss and the lead symptoms of PTSD (e.g., flashbacks, nightmares). It...

  • POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER: HOW BIG A PROBLEM? Honley, Steven Alan // Foreign Service Journal;Jan2008, Vol. 85 Issue 1, p26 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue, including one by Raymond M. De Castro on "Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Guide" and another by Rachel Schneller on "Recovery: When Surviving Isn't Enough."

  • Co-occurrence and Correlates of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Major Depression in Physically Abused Women. Cascardi, Michele; O'Leary, K. Daniel; Schlee, Karin A. // Journal of Family Violence;Sep99, Vol. 14 Issue 3, p227 

    Ninety two women presenting for treatment for marital problems and who were physically victimized by their spouses (e.g., pushing, shoving, punching) within the past year participated in this study. There were three study objectives: (1) document rates and co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress...

  • Expert Witness Testimony in the Battered Woman Syndrome. Pauna, Ana // World Academy of Science, Engineering & Technology;2012, Issue 66, p278 

    The Expert Witness Testimony in the Battered Woman Syndrome Expert witness testimony (EWT) is a kind of information given by an expert specialized in the field (here in BWS) to the jury in order to help the court better understand the case. EWT does not always work in favor of the battered...

  • MARCUS WELBY, J.D. Saletan, William; Watzman, Nancy // New Republic;4/17/89, Vol. 200 Issue 16, p19 

    Reports on the recognition of battered woman syndrome and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a legitimate mental condition in the U.S. that could be used as defense in court trials. Account on the result of the murder trial of Lisa Grimshaw; Origin of the PTSD legal movement; Causes of the...

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder symptom clusters in Turkish child and adolescent trauma survivors. Aydın Bal; Jensen, Bryant // European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry;Oct2007, Vol. 16 Issue 7, p449 

    This study identified post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters in Turkish children and adolescents who experienced the 1999 Marmara Earthquake, which was classified as one of the world’s six deadliest earthquakes in the 20th century. Two hundred ninety three children and...

  • Trauma researchers seek drugs tailored for PTSD. Pfeiffer, Naomi // Drug Topics;4/15/2002, Vol. 146 Issue 8, p30 

    Deals with the efforts of trauma researchers to seek drugs tailored for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Information on the physiological effect of the drugs paroxetin and sertraline; Symptoms of PTSD; Statistics on U.S. adults afflicted with the disease.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics